• What we do in Life, Echos in Eternity
  • Što radimo u životu odzvanja u vječnosti
  • Amit ebben az életben teszünk, az visszhangzik az örökkévalóságban
  • Was wir im Leben tun Echos in der Ewigkeit
  • Ce que nous faisons dans la vie résonne dans l'éternité
  • Lo que hacemos en vida se refleja en la eternidad
  • To, co děláme v životě se ozývá ve věčnosti

Jelena Šubić died c 1378 was a Croatian Kneginja

 

 


kjhkjh

I am looking for a historian who can make sense of my sketchy family past and putting in order the time like of the Subic royal family Zirinski and Frangipani and leichtenburg Lichtenberg pletl and platl family trees. It has to be a labor of love because I have found out all that I can like in the subic two eagles looking away from each other is part of their heritage but later it was all over the place. How the heck can you keep up with that, When my family married into the Hanau clan, how could they have done that it they were bishops princes . I find it quite confusing but I can find the castles they once occupied. And have gone to many of these castles.

My girlfriends' family is a descendant of the Subic, frankopans and Zirinski who they tell me died out in 1678 but I new to know more but many could not spell in those days and on top of it , they were killing each other to remain on the top of the pile, faster than they were producing heirs. And killing each other for honor. One of the great things is that the people with all the power spoke Latin which was the universal language throughout Europe for a long time. And during medieval times, most people could not read and write. In fact it was reserved for the clergy and royalty and people of the higher classes.

and it was the universities in the middle east that brought Europe to a new level when a library was taken in Spain but I am not sure of the year. In the middle east, they welcomed scholars from all over the world to share their knowledge with each other. It is simply amazing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Almost  confirmed back to the 12th century

I out interesting stuff here about my family.  1/2 of it was clergy and royalty and the other half business people.

Later when My family went into Hungary in the 1800's they had to change their name as seen below.

 

Originally the name had a letter with 2 dots above it ( ) for Germany and Bohemia  but then later after the fall of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, the had to be changed to "e"  so now the new Family original name is Pletl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1454 Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus.

Ferdinand III (1608 � 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. His father was Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, Mother Maria Anna of Bavaria. Ferdinand was born in Graz, the eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg and his first wife, Maria Anna of Bavaria. Educated by the Jesuits, he became King of Hungary in 1625, King of Bohemia in 1627 and Archduke of Austria in 1621. In 1627 Ferdinand enhanced his authority and set an important legal and military precedent by issuing a Revised Land Ordinance that deprived the Bohemian estates of their right to raise soldiers, reserving that power solely for the monarch.

 

 

1641 Bohemiea Royalty Can't member the town, have to look it up.  One of the Princesses of Hanau married a prince in Bohemia who became a king.  This the the marker in the church and  these guys volunteered to pose with the stone because their armor is of the same era.

 

This is how some of my relatives dressed during the day

 and the rest were priests and  one was a Bishop in Bohemia

A few in the Army but that is a Hazardous profession.

This grave stone was found in a church beside a very large castle by accident. I wasn't even looking for it and stumbled across it, met these guys where were putting on a medieval show and asked them to pose in front of a family grave stone.   Now that is luck!

 

 


Our Family comes originally from Bohemia, then they swept across  Germany in the 15th century in the form of Royalty, Princess, Princes' Lords and even an Archbishop  of Bruno now in Czechoslovakia  which was in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire

1646

Hans Platl Von Lichtenberg was his name.

 

 

 

of the Lichtenberg clan.  That is not him  below.  It is  your Host. ME!

Leslie Charles Paul Bubik

But you can call me Les

"Royalty is not divine - if your actions are honorable, then you will be royal no matter what cloth you were cut from." 

 

Teutonic Knights, which finally broke the power of the latter.
1455 - 1485 Wars of the Roses
1474 - 1477 War between the Duchy of Burgundy and the Swiss Confederation
1478 - War between the Principality of Moscow and the Republic of Novgorod. The latter was conquered.
1494 - 1559 Italian Wars
1494 - 1498 Charles VIII's Italian War
1499 - 1500 Louis XII's war with Milan
1500 - 1502 Franco-Spanish Conquest of Naples

notsure

to check with the others

 

no relation

this guy is no relation to us, but I included it to show the elegant armor but I don't know the year either


1502 - 1505 Franco-Spanish War over Naples
1508 - 1510 War of the League of Cambrai
1510 - 1513 War of the Holy League
1511 - 1514 Anglo-French War
1513 Anglo-Scottish War (Battle of Flodden)
1515 - 1516 Francis I's first Italian war
1521 - 1525 First war of Francis and Charles V
1521-1525 Anglo-French War
1526 - 1529 War of the League of Cognac
1536 - 1538 Third War of Francis and Charles
1542 - 1544 Last War of Francis and Charles
1542 - 1546 Anglo-French War
1542 - 1550 Anglo-Scottish War
1549 - 1550 Anglo-French War
1552 - 1559 Last Italian War
1557 - 1559 Anglo-French War
1495 - 1497 Russo-Swedish War
1499 - 1503 Turkish-Venetian War1509 - 1513 Ottoman Civil War
1514 - 1516 Ottoman-Safavid War
1515 - 1523 Rebellion of the Frisians
1516 - 1517 Ottoman War
1521 - 1523 The Swedish War of Liberation
1521 - 1523 Uprising of the Counters in Castile
1521 - 1526 Ottoman-Hungarian War
1522 Ottoman Conquest of Rhodes
1522 The Knights' War in Germany

imperialknightsoftheholyromanempire


1524 - 1525 The Peasants' War in Germany
1526 - 1528 Hungarian Civil War
1526 - 1555 Ottomans War
1528 - 1533 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary
1531 Swiss Civil War between Z�rich and the Catholic cantons
1532 - 1546 Ottoman-Habsburg War in the Mediterranean
1533 - 1536 The Counts' War in Denmark
1537 - 1544 Renewed Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary
1546 - 1547 Schmalkaldic War
1551 - 1562 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary
1551 - 1581 Ottoman-Habsburg War in the Mediterranean (Battle of Lepanto (1571))
1552 - 1555 Charles V's war with Maurice of Saxony
1554 - 1557 Great Russian War
1557 - 1571 Livonian War
1559 - 1560 Scottish Rebellion against the French
1562 - 1598 Wars of Religion in France, also called War of the Three Henries or Huguenot Wars

1562 - 1563 First War of Religion
1567 - 1568 Second War of Religion
1568 - 1570 Third War of Religion
1572 - 1573 Fourth War of Religion
1575 - 1576 Fifth War of Religion
1576 - 1577 Sixth War of Religion
1580 Seventh War of Religion (Lovers' War)
1585 - 1598 Eighth War of Religion
1589 - 1598 Franco-Spanish War
1562 - 1568 Ottoman-Habsburg War in Hungary
1563 - 1570 Northern Seven Years' War also known as Dano-Swedish War
1566 (or 1568) - 1648 Eighty Years' War (war of Dutch independence)
1566(or 1568) - 1609 First Phase
1621 - 1648 Second Phase
1567 - 1573 Scottish Civil War
1568 - 1571 Morisco Revolt in Spain
1570 - 1595 Twenty-five Years' War between Sweden and Russia
1577 - 1582 Livonian War (Poland vs. Russia)
1577 - 1590 Turkish-Persian War
1580 - 1583 Portuguese Civil War
1585 - 1604 Anglo-Spanish War (Spanish Armada, 1588)
1590 - 1606 "Long War" between the Empire and the Turks
1594 - 1603 Tyrone Rebellion in Ireland
1596 - 1597 The Cudgel War in Finland
1600 - 1611 Polish-Swedish War
 

1602 - 1612 Turkish-Persian War
1609 - 1618 Russo-Polish War
1610 - 1617 Ingrian War between Sweden and Russia
1611 - 1613 War of Kalmar between Sweden and Denmark
1613 - 1617 Russo-Swedish War
1614 - 1621 Polish-Turkish War
1616 - 1618 Turkish-Persian War
1617 - 1629 Polish-Swedish War
1618 - 1648 Thirty Years' War across Europe, ends with the Peace of Westphalia.
1618 - 1625 Bohemian/Palatine Phase
1618 - 1629 Austro-Transylvanian War
1625 - 1629 Danish Phase
1625 - 1630 Anglo-Spanish War
1626 - 1630 Anglo-French War
1627 - 1631 War of the Mantuan Succession
1630 - 1635 Swedish Phase
1635 - 1648 French Phase
1635 - 1659 Franco-Spanish War (ending with the Treaty of the Pyrenees)
1645 Renewed Austro-Transylvanian War
1623 - 1638 Turkish-Persian War
1625 - 1629 Huguenot Uprising in France
1632 - 1634 Russo-Polish War
1634 Polish-Swedish War
1637 Pequot War
1639 - 1652 English Civil War
 

1639 First Bishops' War
1640 Second Bishops' War
1641 - 1650 Irish War
1642 - 1646 First Civil War
1648 Second Civil War
1650 - 1652 Scottish Uprising
1640 - 1656 Catalan Revolt
1640 - 1668 Portuguese War of Independence
1645 - 1670 Turkish-Venetian War
1648 - 1653 The Fronde
1648 - 1649 First Fronde
1650 - 1653 Second Fronde
1648 - 1660 The Deluge/Northern Wars, A series of wars involving Poland, Sweden, Brandenburg, Russia and Transylvania and Denmark
1648 - 1654 Cossack Revolt against Poland
1654 - 1656 Russo-Polish War
1655 - 1656 Swedish-Brandenburg War
1655 - 1660 Polish-Swedish War
1656 - 1658 Russo-Swedish War
1656 - 1660 Danish-Swedish War
1657 - 1660 Dutch-Swedish War
1658 - 1667 Russo-Polish War
1652 - 1654 First Anglo-Dutch War
1656 - 1659 Anglo-Spanish War
1657 - 1662 Turkish-Transylvanian War
1662 - 1664 Austro-Turkish War

 

 

1665 - 1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War preceded by the capture of New Amsterdam, renamed New York City
1667 - 1668 War of Devolution
1671 - 1676 Polish-Turkish War
1672 - 1678 Dutch War
1672 - 1674 Third Anglo-Dutch War
1672 - 1679 War between Brandenburg and Sweden
1675 - 1679 Scanian War between Sweden and Denmark
1675 - 1676 King Philip's War
1678 - 1681 Russo-Turkish War
1682 - 1699 War of the Holy League (Austria, Venice, and Poland vs. Ottomans
1685 Monmouth's Rebellion
1688 - 1697 War of the Grand Alliance
1689 - 1691 Irish Jacobite Uprising
1695 - 1700 Russo-Turkish War
1700 - 1721 Great Northern War between a coalition of Denmark/Norway, Russia and Saxony/Poland on one side and Sweden on the other side
1710 - 1711 Russo-Turkish War, 1710-11, a part of the Great Northern War
1715 - 1717 Polish revolt against King Augustus II
1701 - 1714 War of Spanish Succession
1702 - 1713 Queen Anne's War The North American part of the War of Spanish Succession
1703 - 1711 Hungarian Revolt
1714 - 1718 Turko-Venetian War
1715 - 1716 Jacobite Rebellion also known as "The Fifteen"
1716 - 1718 Austro-Turkish War
1718 - 1720 War of the Quadruple Alliance
 

1722 - 1723 Russo-Persian War 1722-1723
1722 - 1727 Turco-Persian War
1727 - 1729 largely bloodless Spanish war with England and France
1730 - 1736 Turco-Persian War
1733 - 1738 War of the Polish Succession
1736 - 1739 Russo-Turkish War
1737 - 1739 Austro-Turkish War
1740 - 1748 War of the Austrian Succession
1739 - 1748 War of Jenkins' Ear
1740 - 1742 1st Silesian War
1741 - 1743 Hats' Russian War between Sweden and Russia
1744 - 1748 King George's War The North American part of the War of Austrian Succession
1744 - 1745 2nd Silesian War
1744 - 1748 First Carnatic War
1745 - 1746 "The Forty-five"
1743 - 1747 Turco-Persian War
1749 - 1754 Second Carnatic War
1756 - 1763 Seven Years' War, known as the French and Indian War in the United States, and also 3rd Silesian War
1761 - 1763 Spanish-Portuguese War
1763 - 1766 Pontiac's Rebellion
1768 - 1774 Russo-Turkish War
1768 - 1776 War of the Confederation of Bar in Poland
1773 - 1774 Pugachev's Rebellion
1774 - 1783 First Anglo-Maratha War
1775 - 1783 American Revolutionary War
 

1778 - 1783 Anglo-French War
1779 - 1783 Anglo-Spanish War
1780 - 1784 Anglo-Dutch War
1777 - 1779 War of the Bavarian Succession
1785 - 1787 Dutch Civil War
1787 - 1791 Austro-Turkish War
1787 - 1792 Russo-Turkish War
1788 - 1790 Gustav III's Russian War also known as Russo-Swedish War
1791 - 1804 Haiti Revolutionary War
1792 War in defence of the constitution in Poland
1792 - 1802 French Revolutionary Wars
1792 - 1797 War of the First Coalition
1792 - 1795 Franco-Prussian War
1792 - 1797 Franco-Austrian War
1793 - 1795 Franco-Spanish War
1793 - 1795 Franco-Dutch War
1793 - 1802 Franco-British War
1798 - 1801 War of the Second Coalition
1798 - 1799 Franco-Russian War
1799 - 1801 Franco-Austrian War
1798 - 1801 Quasi War
1794 Kosciuszko Uprising in Poland
1795 - 1798 United Irishmen Revolt

These people were insane!!!!

http://realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Misc/Crests/History_of_the_Holy_Roman_Empire_3.htm

Black Germany

Now I had to include this, not because our family was of colour but because Europe was.  And much of Europe  did everything in their power  to eraticate them from history.  Shame on us!

Now that we know  we all came from Africa, and we learned this only in the last 20 years through genetics, all I can say is IGNORANCE IS EXPENSIVE.

History of the Black Holy Roman Empire

 

Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV (1316 – 1378) House of Luxemburg: Father John of Bohemia, Mother Elisabeth of Bohemia. Charles IV is crowned emperor in Rome in 1355. He makes his capital in Prague (he has inherited Bohemia as well as Luxembourg), bringing that city its first period of glory. The imperial dignity remains in Charles's family until 1438, when it is aquired by the Habsburgs. At the beginning and end of those eighty years Charles and his son Sigismund take a strong line with the papacy. Within a year of his coronation, Charles issues the Golden Bull of 1356 which excludes the pope from any influence in the choice of emperor. And in 1414 Sigismund is instrumental in bringing together the Council of Constance which finally ends the Great Schism and restores a single pope to Rome.

980

 

Karlštejn Castle is a large Gothic castle founded in 1348 A.D. by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor-elect and King of Bohemia. The castle served as a place for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia as well as the Bohemian/Czech coronation jewels, holy relics and other royal treasures. Located about 30 km southwest of Prague above the homonymic village, it is one of the most famous and most frequently visited castles in the Czech Republic.

 

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Founded in 1348, the construction works were directed later by Karlštejn burgrave Vitus of Bítov, but there are no records of the builder himself. Some historians speculate that Matthias of Arras may be credited with being the architect, but he had already died by 1352. It is likely that there was not a progressive and cunning architect, but a brilliant civil engineer who with a necessary mathematical accuracy, solved technically exigent problems that issued from the emperor's ideas and requests. Instead, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV personally supervised the construction works and interior decoration. A little known fact is that the Emperor hired Palestinian labour for the remaining work. Construction was finished nearly twenty years later in 1365 when the "heart" of the treasury – the Chapel of the Holy Cross situated in the Great tower – was consecrated.

Following the outbreak of the Hussite Wars, the Imperial Regalia were evacuated in 1421 and brought via Hungary to Nuremberg. In 1422, during the siege of the castle, Hussite attackers used Biological warfare when Prince Sigismund Korybut used catapults to throw dead (but not plague-infected) bodies and 2000 carriage-loads of dung over the walls, apparently managing to spread infection among the defenders. Later, the Bohemian coronation jewels were moved to the castle and were kept there for almost two centuries, with some short-time breaks.

 

 

89998

 

Jan Hus (c. 1369 – 6 July 1415), was a Czech priest, philosopher, reformer, and master at Charles University in Prague. After John Wycliffe, the theorist of ecclesiastical Reformation, he was, before Luther, Calvin and Zwingli, the first actual Church reformer.The Hussite Wars, also called the Bohemian Wars involved the military actions against and amongst the followers of Jan Hus in Bohemia in the period 1419 to circa 1434. The Hussite movement assumed a revolutionary character as soon as the news of the execution of Jan Hus by order of the Council of Constance (6 July 1415) reached Prague. The knights and nobles of Bohemia and Moravia, who were in favour of church reform, sent a protest to the Council of Constance on (2 September 1415), known as the protestatio Bohemorum, which condemned the execution of Hus in the strongest language. The attitude of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, who sent threatening letters to Bohemia declaring that he would shortly drown all Wycliffites and Hussites, greatly incensed the people. Between 1420 and 1431, the Hussite forces defeated five consecutive papal crusades against followers of Hus. Their defense and rebellion against Roman Catholics became known as the Hussite Wars. A century later, as many as 90% of inhabitants of the Czech lands were non-Catholic and followed the teachings of Hus and his successors.

John Wycliffe (c. 1328 – 1384) was an English Scholastic philosopher, theologian, lay preacher, translator, reformer and university teacher who was known as an early dissident in the Roman Catholic Church during the 14th century. His followers were known as Lollards, a somewhat rebellious movement, which preached anticlerical and biblically-centred reforms. The Lollard movement, was a precursor to the Protestant Reformation (for this reason, Wycliffe is sometimes called "The Morning Star of the Reformation"). He was one of the earliest opponents of papal authority influencing secular power

The castle underwent several reconstructions: in late Gothic style after 1480, in Renaissance style in the last quarter of the 16th century. In 1487 the Big tower was damaged by fire and during the 16th century there were several adaptations. During the Thirty Years' War in 1619, the coronation jewels and the archive were brought to Prague, and in 1620 the castle was turned over to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. After having been conquered in 1648 by Swedes, it fell in into disrepair. Finally, a neo-Gothic reconstruction was carried out by Josef Mocker between 1887 and 1899, giving the castle its present look.

 

 

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The Golden Bull and the electors: 1356-1806 A.D.

The Golden Bull, issued by Charles IV in 1356, clarifies the new identity which the Holy Roman empire has been gradually adopting. It ends papal involvement in the election of a German king, by the simple means of denying Rome's right to approve or reject the electors' choice. In return, by a separate agreement with the pope, Charles abandons imperial claims in Italy - apart from a title to the kingdom of Lombardy, inherited from Charlemagne.

 

9898998

 

The full tapestry

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The emphasis is clear. This is now to be essentially a German empire, as reflected in a new form of the title adopted in 1452 - sacrum Romanum imperium nationis Germanicae (Holy Roman Empire of the German nation). The Golden Bull also clarifies and formalizes the process of election of a German king. The choice has traditionally been in the hands of seven electors, but their identity has varied.

The Golden Bull explicitly named the seven Kurfürsten or prince-electors who were to choose the King of the Romans, who would then usually be crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope later. The seven prince-electors were, "Three prelates were the archchancellors of Germany (Mainz), Gaul and Burgundy (Trier), and Italy (Cologne) respectively: the Bohemia cupbearer, the Palsgrave seneschal, the Saxony marshal, and the Brandenburg chamberlain. Consequently, the Bull speaks of the rex in imperatorem promovendus, the "king to be promoted emperor" — although the distinction between the two titles would become increasingly irrelevant (and virtually nonexistent after Maximilian I had renounced his coronation as Emperor in 1508).

Even though the practice of election had existed earlier and most of the dukes named in the Golden Bull were already involved in the election, and although the practice had mostly been written down in an earlier document - the Declaration of Rhense from 1338 - the Golden Bull was more precise in several ways. For one, the Dukedoms of the Electors were declared indivisible, and succession was regulated for them to ensure that the votes would never split. Secondly, the Bull prescribed that four votes would always suffice to elect the new King; as a result, three Electors could no longer block the election, and the principle of majority voting was explicitly stated for the first time in the Empire. Finally, the Bull cemented a number of privileges for the Kurfürsten to confirm their elevated role in the Empire. It is therefore also a milestone in the establishment of largely independent states in the Empire, a process to be concluded only centuries later, notably with the 1648 Peace of Westphalia.

 

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98098

 

89

 

 

 

The House of Habsburg

 

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415 – 1493), was born in Innsbruck, he was the son of Duke Ernest "the Iron" of the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family, the ruler of Inner Austria, i.e. the duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola, and of Ernest's wife Cymburgis of Masovia. He became duke of Inner Austria as Frederick V upon his father's death in 1424. In 1440 he was elected German king as Frederick IV and in 1452 crowned Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III by Pope Nicholas V. In 1452, at the age of 37, he married the 18-year-old Infanta Eleanor, daughter of King Edward of Portugal, whose dowry helped him to alleviate his debts and cement his power. In 1442, Frederick allied himself with Rudolf Stüssi, burgomaster of Zürich, against the Old Swiss Confederacy in the Zürich War (Alter Zürichkrieg). In 1448, he entered into the Vienna Concordat with the Holy See, which remained in force until 1806 and regulated the relationship between the Habsburgs and the Holy See. Frederick was the last Emperor to be crowned in Rome. He opposed the reform of the Holy Roman Empire at that time, and was barely able to prevent the electors from electing another king.

 

 

From Medieval manuscript: The person responsible for Whitenizing this picture apparently didn't understand that the figures were suppose to be symmetrical in skin color too. He whitenized the living, but left the dead showing the normal variations in skin color.
989

 

 

Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519), the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleanor of Portugal, was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1493 until his death: though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky. He had ruled jointly with his father for the last ten years of his father's reign. He expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, but he also lost the Austrian territories in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy.

 

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Margaret of Austria
88889

 

 

Philibert II of Savoy
99

 

 

 

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Black Germany

(3)

History of the Black Holy Roman Empire

 

 

Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV (1316 – 1378) House of Luxemburg: Father John of Bohemia, Mother Elisabeth of Bohemia. Charles IV is crowned emperor in Rome in 1355.

 

He makes his capital in Prague (he has inherited Bohemia as well as Luxembourg), bringing that city its first period of glory. The imperial dignity remains in Charles's family until 1438, when it is aquired by the Habsburgs.

HOW WAS IT AQUIRED?

 

 At the beginning and end of those eighty years Charles and his son Sigismund take a strong line with the papacy. Within a year of his coronation, Charles issues the Golden Bull of 1356 which excludes the pope from any influence in the choice of emperor. And in 1414 Sigismund is instrumental in bringing together the Council of Constance which finally ends the Great Schism and restores a single pope to Rome.

make a booking

 

Karlštejn Castle is a large Gothic castle founded in 1348 A.D. by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor-elect and King of Bohemia. The castle served as a place for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia as well as the Bohemian/Czech coronation jewels, holy relics and other royal treasures. Located about 30 km southwest of Prague above the homonymic village, it is one of the most famous and most frequently visited castles in the Czech Republic.

 

appointments

 

Founded in 1348, the construction works were directed later by Karlštejn burgrave Vitus of Bítov, but there are no records of the builder himself. Some historians speculate that Matthias of Arras may be credited with being the architect, but he had already died by 1352. It is likely that there was not a progressive and cunning architect, but a brilliant civil engineer who with a necessary mathematical accuracy, solved technically exigent problems that issued from the emperor's ideas and requests. Instead, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV personally supervised the construction works and interior decoration. A little known fact is that the Emperor hired Palestinian labour for the remaining work. Construction was finished nearly twenty years later in 1365 when the "heart" of the treasury – the Chapel of the Holy Cross situated in the Great tower – was consecrated.

Following the outbreak of the Hussite Wars, the Imperial Regalia were evacuated in 1421 and brought via Hungary to Nuremberg. In 1422, during the siege of the castle, Hussite attackers used Biological warfare when Prince Sigismund Korybut used catapults to throw dead (but not plague-infected) bodies and 2000 carriage-loads of dung over the walls, apparently managing to spread infection among the defenders. Later, the Bohemian coronation jewels were moved to the castle and were kept there for almost two centuries, with some short-time breaks.

 

 

16

 

Jan Hus (c. 1369 – 6 July 1415), was a Czech priest, philosopher, reformer, and master at Charles University in Prague. After John Wycliffe, the theorist of ecclesiastical Reformation, he was, before Luther, Calvin and Zwingli, the first actual Church reformer.The Hussite Wars, also called the Bohemian Wars involved the military actions against and amongst the followers of Jan Hus in Bohemia in the period 1419 to circa 1434. The Hussite movement assumed a revolutionary character as soon as the news of the execution of Jan Hus by order of the Council of Constance (6 July 1415) reached Prague. The knights and nobles of Bohemia and Moravia, who were in favour of church reform, sent a protest to the Council of Constance on (2 September 1415), known as the protestatio Bohemorum, which condemned the execution of Hus in the strongest language. The attitude of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, who sent threatening letters to Bohemia declaring that he would shortly drown all Wycliffites and Hussites, greatly incensed the people. Between 1420 and 1431, the Hussite forces defeated five consecutive papal crusades against followers of Hus. Their defense and rebellion against Roman Catholics became known as the Hussite Wars. A century later, as many as 90% of inhabitants of the Czech lands were non-Catholic and followed the teachings of Hus and his successors.

John Wycliffe (c. 1328 – 1384) was an English Scholastic philosopher, theologian, lay preacher, translator, reformer and university teacher who was known as an early dissident in the Roman Catholic Church during the 14th century. His followers were known as Lollards, a somewhat rebellious movement, which preached anticlerical and biblically-centred reforms. The Lollard movement, was a precursor to the Protestant Reformation (for this reason, Wycliffe is sometimes called "The Morning Star of the Reformation"). He was one of the earliest opponents of papal authority influencing secular power

The castle underwent several reconstructions: in late Gothic style after 1480, in Renaissance style in the last quarter of the 16th century. In 1487 the Big tower was damaged by fire and during the 16th century there were several adaptations. During the Thirty Years' War in 1619, the coronation jewels and the archive were brought to Prague, and in 1620 the castle was turned over to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. After having been conquered in 1648 by Swedes, it fell in into disrepair. Finally, a neo-Gothic reconstruction was carried out by Josef Mocker between 1887 and 1899, giving the castle its present look.

 

 

system

 

 

booking

 

 

easy booking sysatem

 

 

The Golden Bull and the electors: 1356-1806 A.D.

The Golden Bull, issued by Charles IV in 1356, clarifies the new identity which the Holy Roman empire has been gradually adopting. It ends papal involvement in the election of a German king, by the simple means of denying Rome's right to approve or reject the electors' choice. In return, by a separate agreement with the pope, Charles abandons imperial claims in Italy - apart from a title to the kingdom of Lombardy, inherited from Charlemagne.

 

14

 

The full tapestry

1

 

The emphasis is clear. This is now to be essentially a German empire, as reflected in a new form of the title adopted in 1452 - sacrum Romanum imperium nationis Germanicae (Holy Roman Empire of the German nation). The Golden Bull also clarifies and formalizes the process of election of a German king. The choice has traditionally been in the hands of seven electors, but their identity has varied.

The Golden Bull explicitly named the seven Kurfürsten or prince-electors who were to choose the King of the Romans, who would then usually be crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope later. The seven prince-electors were, "Three prelates were the archchancellors of Germany (Mainz), Gaul and Burgundy (Trier), and Italy (Cologne) respectively: the Bohemia cupbearer, the Palsgrave seneschal, the Saxony marshal, and the Brandenburg chamberlain. Consequently, the Bull speaks of the rex in imperatorem promovendus, the "king to be promoted emperor" — although the distinction between the two titles would become increasingly irrelevant (and virtually nonexistent after Maximilian I had renounced his coronation as Emperor in 1508).

Even though the practice of election had existed earlier and most of the dukes named in the Golden Bull were already involved in the election, and although the practice had mostly been written down in an earlier document - the Declaration of Rhense from 1338 - the Golden Bull was more precise in several ways. For one, the Dukedoms of the Electors were declared indivisible, and succession was regulated for them to ensure that the votes would never split. Secondly, the Bull prescribed that four votes would always suffice to elect the new King; as a result, three Electors could no longer block the election, and the principle of majority voting was explicitly stated for the first time in the Empire. Finally, the Bull cemented a number of privileges for the Kurfürsten to confirm their elevated role in the Empire. It is therefore also a milestone in the establishment of largely independent states in the Empire, a process to be concluded only centuries later, notably with the 1648 Peace of Westphalia.

 

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The House of Habsburg

 

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415 – 1493), was born in Innsbruck, he was the son of Duke Ernest "the Iron" of the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family, the ruler of Inner Austria, i.e. the duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola, and of Ernest's wife Cymburgis of Masovia. He became duke of Inner Austria as Frederick V upon his father's death in 1424. In 1440 he was elected German king as Frederick IV and in 1452 crowned Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III by Pope Nicholas V. In 1452, at the age of 37, he married the 18-year-old Infanta Eleanor, daughter of King Edward of Portugal, whose dowry helped him to alleviate his debts and cement his power. In 1442, Frederick allied himself with Rudolf Stüssi, burgomaster of Zürich, against the Old Swiss Confederacy in the Zürich War (Alter Zürichkrieg). In 1448, he entered into the Vienna Concordat with the Holy See, which remained in force until 1806 and regulated the relationship between the Habsburgs and the Holy See. Frederick was the last Emperor to be crowned in Rome. He opposed the reform of the Holy Roman Empire at that time, and was barely able to prevent the electors from electing another king.

 

 

From Medieval manuscript: The person responsible for Whitenizing this picture apparently didn't understand that the figures were suppose to be symmetrical in skin color too. He whitenized the living, but left the dead showing the normal variations in skin color.
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Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519), the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleanor of Portugal, was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1493 until his death: though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky. He had ruled jointly with his father for the last ten years of his father's reign. He expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg through war and his marriage in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy, but he also lost the Austrian territories in today's Switzerland to the Swiss Confederacy.

 

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i HAD TO PUT THIS IN HERE BECAUSE  THIS IS THE BEST PLACE  TO PUT THE SUBIC CLAN EVETHOUGH  THEY WERE NOT RELATED THEN.  i ONLY FOUND REVERENCE TO IT ONCE AND IT IS HARD TO PROVE THAT THE DOCCUMENT I SAW WAS REALLY LEGITIMATE  HOWEVER   TODAY THERE IS A REAL CONNECTION I JUST DON'T KNOW WHERE TO PUT IT ALL   SO YOU HAVE TO GO

 

What we do in Life, Echos in Eternity

Magyar Katolikus Lexikon > S > Subich család


Subich család: a legelőkelőbb horvát nemzetség. - Ősei a 11. sz. brebiri zsupánok. Az első ismert brebiri gr-ok 1200: Bogdanac zsupán fiai, I. Gergely és I. István. Ekkor a brebiri gr-ok egyúttal Zára, Szebenikó, Trau és Spalató gr-jai. III. András m. kir. (1290-1301) a Brebirieket örökös br. méltósággal ruházta fel. Területükön hatalmukat I. (Nagy) Lajos kir. azzal mérsékelte, hogy elvette III. Györgytől a dalmáciai Ostrovica várát, és cserébe a szlavóniai Zrinj várát adta. A család nevesebb tagjai: István (†1274) 1242: Trau várában IV. Béla mellett volt. I. Pál 1274: tengermelléki bán, III. András a tengerpart örökös bánjává nevezte ki. 1300: Nápolyból meghívta a m. trónra Károly Róbertet, ki később m. kir. (1308-42) lett. I. Mladen, I. Pál öccse, Bosznia bánja, 1304: a →bogumilok megölték. II. Mladen (†1343 k.) I. Pál fia, horvát és szlavón bán. Károly Róbert megfosztotta báni rangjától. B.A.

Salamon Ferenc: Az első Zrínyiek. Pest, 1863.

Subich család: a legelőkelőbb horvát nemzetség. - Ősei a 11. sz. brebiri zsupánok. Az első ismert brebiri gr-ok 1200: Bogdanac zsupán fiai, I. Gergely és I. István. Ekkor a brebiri gr-ok egyúttal Zára, Szebenikó, Trau és Spalató gr-jai. III. András m. kir. (1290-1301) a Brebirieket örökös br. méltósággal ruházta fel. Területükön hatalmukat I. (Nagy) Lajos kir. azzal mérsékelte, hogy elvette III. Györgytől a dalmáciai Ostrovica várát, és cserébe a szlavóniai Zrinj várát adta. A család nevesebb tagjai: István (†1274) 1242: Trau várában IV. Béla mellett volt. I. Pál 1274: tengermelléki bán, III. András a tengerpart örökös bánjává nevezte ki. 1300: Nápolyból meghívta a m. trónra Károly Róbertet, ki később m. kir. (1308-42) lett. I. Mladen, I. Pál öccse, Bosznia bánja, 1304: a →bogumilok megölték. II. Mladen (†1343 k.) I. Pál fia, horvát és szlavón bán. Károly Róbert megfosztotta báni rangjától. B.A.

Salamon Ferenc: Az első Zrínyiek. Pest, 1863.

 

Subic ( genus subics) , the most prominent Croatian-Hungarian family, which has been derived from the Roman Sulpitius family, is one of the twelve tribes which was the king of Croatia in the time of the state's independence and the six heroes of which were Croats Bane and kings.Prioratus Gvaldus: The Life of the Niccolo de Zrin, whose data is derived from the documents of the Zrinyi family, tells the Budec (Budiszláv) brebiri shroud of the family and the leader of the Croatian king of Peter Krešimir (1066-70); The descendants of Brebir's Criminality: Crmenik(1070), Stresinja (1076-87), brebiri Zvonimir and II. István under Croatian kings; He had two sons: Dujmo (Filippus Stresinna) spalatorial slogan (1080) and Vukilo (Vlcsina de Stresazza, Vlachizo) in Brebir Zsupa, whose son Marmonja S. brebiri was one of the 12 croatian princes who were conquered with the Hungarian King Kálmán 1102. Between Croatia and Hungary. S. Bogdán (Bogdanica) brebiri b. 1164. Miroszláv S., son of Bogdán 1164, I. Gergely Miroslavić 1180-84. The sons of Gregory I: S. Pribinja (Privica) count brebiri (knight) 1197. S. Visen(Vuissenus) bogomil heret, 1220. Knight of Zvonigrád (Count), Count 12 of Spalato, his nephew nephew S. Gergely, II. Bishop S. Gergely Knini 1229. Pribinja's sons: III. Gergely Brebiri and Spalato Count (1197-1248) Gyorgy I. Count Brbiri 1197; I. István brebiri with Count Trogira (1217-1229); Count Vulcsina trogiri 1220. Out of the sons of István I. II. István and I. Jakab. II. István Brebiri and Count Trogira and for a while (Dalmatian Coast), who participated in the fight against the Tatars, defended Trogir's castle and the refugee IV. Hungarian King Béla and Kajdan Tartar Khan were forced to leave with him; Therefore the reverend king 1251 confirmed the old donations of the family. II. The sons of István Paul I (see below), II. György, I. Mladen and I. Iván; They have greatly raised the power and authority of the family. After the death of his father Pál, he married the head of the Primorje and the Sparrow Count, in 1285, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the right of inheritance in 1293, at the coasts of 1290, and in 1295 he was treated for the whole of Croatia, and in 1298 he was treated with inheritance rights by Croatia. While he was alive, he had almost unlimited power in Croatia and had taken many seaside towns and fortresses out of Venice, which had the title of his count. 1312 died. II. György (1274-87) Count of Sebenico, 1283-94. Count of Omis, 1293-1306. With his brothers the count of all the towns of Dalmatia; d. 1306. I. Mladen 1276. Captain of Trogir, 1281-96. Counting Scale. 1302. the bogomil heretics were killed. One of their sisters was Lőrinc's brother, Venetian doge, a wife of James Tiepoli. Their other sister was Orsolya-rendu's nun, the apothecary of the Scutarii Bar, which he founded with his brothers, iX. Pope Gregory entered the saints. I. Paul had five sons: II. Mladen (see below), III. György, II. Paul, Gergely V. and II. Mark. III. György, 1st son of Pál Pál, from 1306 to 1308 the count of the towns of the Primorje, 1308. The captain of Trogir Castle, 1312-24. Omis and Klis górfja. In 1324 the Nelepics family ended up in Knin Castle, where it was captured until 1326. 1326 was released, by. In the castle of Klis in 1330 dec. 18. Ilona Özvegye, Róbert Károly relat. Three sons: III. Mladen, III. Paul, I. Boldizsar and a daughter of Ilona remained, who died in 1338. 17. Married Kotromanics to Ulászlo and her mother was the glorious King of Bosnia I. István Tvartko and Vuk Bosnian. Third Pope Paul II II. Paul Banics (son of Bán). It was from 1305 to 1322 the Count of Trogir, from 1333 to 1346 the Ostrich Castle Castle and Count. There were many battles with the Hungarians, with the Nelepics family and with Budisław S.-Ugrin. The Nelepics took the fort of Osztrovica, but returned to her in 1337; d. 1346. Son IV. George. SI Peg's fourth son , Gergely V., this is from 1320 to 1322 the Count of Sebenico, 1346-47. Osztrovica várura. Katalin's daughter was raised in Ilona by her aunt in the royal court of Bosnia. King Tvartko wanted to marry the son of the Serbian king of Vukasin, but the Pope did not eat it because of the disagreement

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Francesco II (or IV) Gonzaga (1466 – 1519) was the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1484 until his death. He married Isabella d'Este in 1490. He was described as "short, pop-eyed, snub-nosed and exceptionally brave, and was regarded as the finest knight in Italy". Later he was rival of the Venetians, as leader of the Holy League formed by Pope Julius II against them. In that occasion he was captured by the Venetians, who held him as hostage for several months and humiliated him. Beginning in 1503, he started a long relationship with Lucrezia Borgia. On his death from syphilis contracted from prostitutes, he was succeeded by his son Federico, with Isabella acting as regent. His other son Ferrante Gonzaga originated the branch of the Counts of Guastalla.

 

 

Martin Luther

Martin Luther (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German priest, professor of theology and iconic figure of the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor.

Luther taught that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority of the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with Luther's teachings are called Lutherans.

His translation of the Bible into the language of the people (instead of Latin) made it more accessible, causing a tremendous impact on the church and on German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the translation into English of the King James Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant priests to marry. In his later years, while suffering from several illnesses and deteriorating health, Luther became increasingly antisemitic, writing that Jewish homes should be destroyed, their synagogues burned, money confiscated and liberty curtailed. These statements have contributed to his controversial status.

 

 

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It is understood that the Black Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire viewed the corrupt Catholic church, as merely the tool and medium for their rule. Thus an attack against the Catholic church, was in fact, an attack against Black rule, since the Church was the legitimizing agent for that rule.

Thus when the powerful and influential Albert of Prussia sided with Martin Luther and the White rabble that he championed, he was in fact, declaring war on himself, and all of his own kind (Blacks).

In imperial politics Albert was fairly active. Joining the League of Torgau in 1526, he acted in unison with the Protestants, and he was among the princes who banded and plotted together to overthrow Charles V after the issue of the Augsburg Interim in May 1548. For various reasons, however, poverty and personal inclination among others, he did not take a prominent part in the military operations of this period.

 

 

 

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Portrait of Dorothea above, from Frederiksborg Castle

 

Dorothea, princess of Denmark

Mother: Anna of Brandenburg (1487–1514) was a German noblewoman. Anna was the daughter of Johann Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg and Margarethe of Saxony. She was born in Berlin, Brandenburg, and died in Kiel, Holstein.

After her father's accession to the throne in 1523 a marriage was suggested to the English claimant to the throne, Duke Richard of Suffolk, who was supported by King Francis of France, but without success. In 1525, she received a proposal from the newly made Duke of Prussia. The marriage was arranged by her father's German chancellor Wolfgang von Utenhof; it was conducted 12 February 1526 and Dorothea arrived with a large entourage in Königsberg in June. Dorothea had a very good relationship with Albert and this contributed to a good and active contact between Denmark and Prussia which continued during her brother's reign and until her death. Dorothea and her spouse corresponded with her brother, the king of Denmark, and acted as his political advisors. Dorothea and Albert were present at the coronation of Christian III of Denmark in Copenhagen in 1537; they also acted as foster-parents of her nephew Duke Hans of Denmark in 1536–1542.

 

 

Albert of Prussia was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and, after converting to Lutheranism, the first duke of the Duchy of Prussia, which was the first state to adopt the Lutheran faith and Protestantism as the official state religion. Albert proved instrumental in the political spread of Protestantism in its early stage. Because Albert was a member of the Brandenburg-Ansbach branch of the House of Hohenzollern, it had been hoped that his election as Grand Master would reverse the decline of the Teutonic Knights, underway since 1410. Duke Frederick of Saxony, of the House of Wettin, had been elected for the same reason. Instead, Albert's secularization of the Prussian territories of the Order, eventually led to the inheritance of the Duchy of Prussia by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Albert's titles (on his proclamation of 1561 in Königsberg) were: Albert the Elder, Margrave of Brandenburg in Prussia, Stettin in Pomerania, Duke of the Kashubians, and Wends, Burgrave of Nuremberg, and Count of Rügen etc.

Albert was born in Ansbach in Franconia as the third son of Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. His mother was Sophia, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, and his wife Elisabeth of Austria. He was raised for a career in the Church and spent some time at the court of Hermann IV of Hesse, Elector of Cologne, who appointed him canon of the Cologne Cathedral. Despite being quite religious, he was also interested in mathematics and science, and sometimes is claimed to have contradicted the teachings of the Church in favour of scientific theories. His career was forwarded by the Church however and institutions of the Catholic clerics supported his early advance. Albert accompanied Emperor Maximilian I to Italy in 1508, and after his return spent some time in the Kingdom of Hungary.

 

The Teutonic Knights

Cross of the Teutonic  Order
Coat of arms of the Teutonic Order Grand Master
Alternate Coat of Arms of the Teutonic Order
Coat of arms of the Teutonic Order
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The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (Official names: Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem), commonly called the Teutonic Order, was a German medieval military order, in modern times a purely religious Catholic order. It was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. Its members have commonly been known as the Teutonic Knights, since they also served as a crusading military order in the Middle Ages. The military membership was always small, with volunteers and mercenaries augmenting the force as needed. After the Reformation, the Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Order became Protestant; this branch still consists of knights, but the modern Roman Catholic order consists of Roman Catholic priests, nuns, and associates.

The order was formed at the end of the 12th century in Acre, in the Levant, the medieval Order played an important role in Outremer, controlling the port tolls of Acre. After Christian forces were defeated in the Middle East, the Order moved to Transylvania in 1211 to help defend Hungary against the Kipchaks. The Knights were expelled in 1225, after allegedly attempting to place themselves under Papal instead of Hungarian sovereignty.

In 1230, following the Golden Bull of Rimini, Grand Master Hermann von Salza and Duke Konrad I of Masovia launched the Prussian Crusade, a joint invasion of Prussia intended to Christianize the Baltic Old Prussians. The Order then created the independent Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights in the conquered territory, and subsequently conquered Livonia. The Kings of Poland accused the Order of holding lands rightfully theirs.

The Order lost its main purpose in Europe with the Christianisation of Lithuania. The Order became involved in campaigns against its Christian neighbours, the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Novgorod Republic (after assimilating the Livonian Order). The Teutonic Knights had a strong economic base, hired mercenaries from throughout Europe to augment their feudal levies, and became a naval power in the Baltic Sea. In 1410, a Polish-Lithuanian army decisively defeated the Order and broke its military power at the Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg).

In 1515, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I made a marriage alliance with Sigismund I of Poland-Lithuania. Thereafter the Empire did not support the Order against Poland. In 1525, Grand Master Albert of Brandenburg resigned and converted to Lutheranism, becoming Duke of Prussia as a vassal of Poland. Soon after, the Order lost Livonia and its holdings in the Protestant areas of Germany.

The Order kept its considerable holdings in Catholic areas of Germany until 1809, when Napoleon Bonaparte ordered its dissolution and the Order lost its last secular holdings. The Order continued to exist as a charitable and ceremonial body. It was outlawed by Adolf Hitler in 1938, but re-established in 1945. Today it operates primarily with charitable aims in Central Europe.

The Knights wore white surcoats with a black cross. A cross pattée was sometimes used as their coat of arms; this image was later used for military decoration and insignia by the Kingdom of Prussia and Germany as the Iron Cross and Pour le Mérite. The motto of the Order was:"Helfen, Wehren, Heilen" ("Help, Defend, Heal")

 

Malbork Castle

The Marienburg Castle in Malbork is by area the largest castle in the world. It was built in Prussia by the Teutonic Knights, in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. The Order named it Marienburg (Mary's Castle). The town which grew around it was also named Marienburg. The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress, and on its completion in 1406 was the world's largest brick castle. After WW II, it was ceded to Poland.

 

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John Elector of Saxony (1468 - 1532) Brother and Successor of Frederick III the Wise of Saxony

House House of Wettin - Father Ernst, Elector of Saxony. Mother Elisabeth of Bavaria

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By marrying his son Philip the Handsome to the future Queen Joanna of Castile in 1498, Maximilian established the Habsburg dynasty in Spain and allowed his grandson Charles to hold the throne of both León-Castile and Aragon, thus making him the first de jure King of Spain. Philip having predeceased his father, Charles succeeded his grandfather Maximilian as Holy Roman Emperor in 1519, and thus ruled both the Holy Roman Empire and the Spanish Empire simultaneously.

 

Charles V (Spanish - Carlos Quinto)

 

Charles V (1500 – 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in 1556. As the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties—the House of Habsburg of the Habsburg Monarchy; the House of Valois-Burgundy of the Burgundian Netherlands; and the House of Trastámara of the Crowns of Castile & Aragon—he ruled over extensive domains in Central, Western, and Southern Europe; and the Spanish colonies in North, Central, and South America, the Caribbean, and Asia.

 

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500–1558). Charles was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I and his son Philip II in 1556.

Charles was the eldest son of Philip I of Castile (known as Philip the Handsome - Sarcastic: the famous Prognathic "Habsburg Jaw" is believed to have begun with Philip), and Joanna of Castile (Joanna the Mad). As the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties— the House of Habsburg of the Habsburg Monarchy; the House of Valois-Burgundy of the Burgundian Netherlands; and the House of Trastámara of the Crowns of Castile and Aragon: He ruled over extensive domains in Central, Western, and Southern Europe; and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As Charles was the first king to rule Castile-León and Aragon simultaneously in his own right, he became the first King of Spain. In 1519, Charles became Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria. From that point forward spanned his empire nearly four million square kilometers across Europe, the Far East, and the Americas.

Much of Charles' reign was devoted to the Italian Wars against France which, although enormously expensive, were militarily successful. Charles' forces re-captured both Milan and Franche-Comté from France after the decisive Habsburg victory at the Battle of Pavia in 1525, which pushed Francis to form the Franco-Ottoman alliance. Charles' rival Suleiman the Magnificent conquered the central part of the Hungarian Kingdom in 1526 after defeating the Christians at the Battle of Mohács. However, the Ottoman advance was halted after they failed to capture Vienna in 1529.

Aside from this, Charles is best known for his role in opposing the Protestant Reformation. Several German princes abandoned the Catholic Church and formed the Schmalkaldic League in order to challenge Charles' authority with military force. Unwilling to allow the same religious wars to come to his other domains, Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. The Society of Jesus was established by St. Ignacio de Loyola during Charles' reign in order to peacefully and intellectually combat Protestantism, and continental Spain was spared from religious conflict largely by Charles' nonviolent measures.

In the New World, Charles oversaw the Spanish colonization of the Americas, including the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire and the Inca Empire. Charles provided 5 ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage - the first circumnavigation of the Earth - laid the foundation for the Pacific oceanic empire of Spain and began Spanish colonization of the Philippines.

Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory", wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to Charles' younger brother Ferdinand, whereas the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century.

Wife:

Isabella of Portugal

Isabella of Portugal (1503–1539) was Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany, Spain, Naples and Sicily and Duchess of Burgundy as the spouse of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. She was the daughter of Manuel I of Portugal and Maria of Aragon. She served as regent of Spain during the absence of her spouse for long periods.

Isabella was the second child and eldest daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal and his second spouse, Infanta Maria of Castile and Aragon. She was named after her maternal grandmother, Isabella I of Castile, and her aunt Isabella, Princess of Asturias, who had been her father's first spouse.

Through her father, she was a granddaughter of Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu (the second son of King Edward of Portugal and brother of King Afonso V of Portugal) and Infanta Beatrice, the daughter of Infante John, Lord of Reguengos (brother of King Edward). Through her mother she was a granddaughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon.

Isabella was second-in-line to the throne until the birth of her brother Louis in 1505. However, as the oldest daughter of Manuel I of Portugal, She married her first cousin, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, the son of Joanna of Castile and Philip the Handsome, Duke of Burgundy, who as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain, Archduke of the Habsburg dominions, titular Duke of Burgundy, and ruler of the Netherlands and the Spanish empire in the Americas and the Mediterranean and Italy was one of the most powerful men of his time.

Children of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal

Philip II, King of Spain
Maria, Holy Roman Empress
Joanna, Princess of Portugal
John of Austria (illegitimate)
Margaret, Duchess of Florence and Parma (illegitimate)

 

Father:

Philip I of Castile

Philip I (22 July 1478 – 25 September 1506), known as Philip the Handsome (Sarcastic - the famous Prognathic "Hasburg Jaw" is believed to have begun with Philip), was the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile. The son of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, Philip inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Burgundian Netherlands (as Philip IV) from his mother, Mary of Burgundy, and briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen Joanna of Castile, who was also heiress-presumptive to the Crown of Aragon. He was the first Habsburg monarch in Spain. He never inherited his father's territories, nor became Holy Roman Emperor, because he predeceased his father, but his son Emperor Charles V eventually united the Habsburg, Burgundian, Castilian, and Aragonese inheritances.

Mother:

Joanna of Castile

Joanna (1479–1555) was born in Toledo, the capital of the Kingdom of Castile. She was the third child and second daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon of the royal House of Trastámara. Joanna, known as Joanna the Mad, was the first queen regnant to reign over both the Kingdoms of Castile (1504–55) and of Aragon (1516–55), a union which evolved into modern Spain. Besides the kingdoms of Spain, she also ruled the kingdoms of Sardinia, Sicily, and Naples in Italy; a vast colonial empire in the Americas and the Philippines; and the prosperous Burgundian Netherlands, initiating Spanish interests there. She was the last monarch of the House of Trastámara and her marriage to Philip the Handsome initiated the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. However, throughout her long reign, she was under the regency of her husband, father, inquisitor, or son and she was long confined to a nunnery for reasons of mental illness.

Children of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile

Eleanor, Queen of Portugal and France
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Isabella, Queen of Denmark
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mary, Queen of Bohemia
Catherine, Queen of Portugal

 

Maternal Grandfather:

Ferdinand II of Aragon

Known as Ferdinand the Catholic (1452–1516) was King of Aragon (as Ferdinand II), Sicily, Naples (as Ferdinand III), Majorca, Valencia, Sardinia, and Navarre, Count of Barcelona, jure uxoris King of Castile (1474–1504, as Ferdinand V, in right of his wife, Isabella I) and then regent of that country also from 1508 to his death, in the name of his reportedly mentally unstable daughter Joanna.

Ferdinand was born in Sos del Rey Católico, Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon (whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez. He married Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile, on 19 October 1469 in Valladolid. Isabella also belonged to the royal House of Trastámara, and the two were second cousins by descent from John I of Castile. They were married with a clear prenuptial agreement on sharing power, and under the joint motto "tanto monta, monta tanto". He became jure uxoris King of Castile when Isabella succeeded her deceased brother in 1474 to be crowned as Queen Isabella I of Castile. The two young monarchs were initially obliged to fight a civil war against Joan of Castile (also known as Juana la Beltraneja), the purported daughter of Henry IV, and were swiftly successful. When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union creating for the first time since the 8th century a single political unit referred to as España (Spain), the root of which is the ancient name Hispania. The various states were not formally administered as a single unit, but as separate political units under the same Crown. (The legal merging of Aragon and Castile into a single Spain occurred under Philip V in 1707-1715.)

Maternal Grandmother:

Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I (1451–1504), nicknamed the Catholic, was Queen of Castile and León. She and her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon, brought stability to the kingdoms that became the basis for the unification of Spain. Later the two laid the foundations for the political unification of Spain under their grandson, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and pulled the kingdom out of the enormous debt her brother had left behind. Her reforms and those she made with her husband had an influence that extended well beyond the borders of their united kingdoms. Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects and financing Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the "New World".

Children of Ferdinand II and Isabella I

Isabella, Queen of Portugal
John, Prince of Asturias
Joanna of Castile
Maria, Queen of Portugal
Catherine, Queen of England

 

Catharine of Aragon, Queen of England (1485–1536): Was the Spaniard Queen consort of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII of England and Princess of Wales as the wife of first husband Arthur, Prince of Wales. In 1507, she also held the position of Ambassador for the Spanish Court in England when her father found himself without one, becoming the first female ambassador in European history. For six months, she served as regent of England while Henry VIII was in France. During that time the English won the Battle of Flodden, an event in which Catherine played an important part.

Catharine's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled in 1533.

 

 

 

 

Which of these is a true likeness of Charles V (Carlos Quinto)?

 

Spanish Book on Carlos Quinto (Charles V)
 
Henry VIII (left) with Charles V (right) and Pope Leo X (center), circa 1520
ttfe   ttre

 

Medal of Charles Quint
 
Emperor Charles V seated (painting attributed to Titian, 1548)
kjh   rrdw

 

Are these more Mulattoized depictions accurate?

 

gfr   ggtr

 

NO! - They are all, nothing but Albino lies!

 

The race of the Inca, as well as the Holy Roman Emperors, who later came to rule them during the reign of Charles V, has long been in contention. Two old paintings with provenance in Peru, answers both questions definitively.

 

The Inca King list

 

fffr

 

Click here for a blowup of the entire painting

Click here for a blowup of the middle part of the painting

 

 

rrr

 

 

eeww

 

 

ddd

 

 

We can now say, with great confidence, that this picture depicts Charles V.

 

 

hui

 

trf

 

Said to be Christophle le More (get it "Moor"), entourage of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Painted by the Dutch painter Jan Mostaert circa 1520. It is said to be the oldest painting of a Black man in Europe. It is titled dismissively as “Portrait of an African” (As always, degenerate Albinos seek to portray all Blacks, when not as Slaves or Servants, then as Africans). In this way, they preclude all possibilities of them being native Europeans.

 

 

fds  

gfr

 

 

 

 

 

ewd

 

The painting also tells us something about the political situation in Europe after 1800. We find that at the time the painting was created (circa 1800); the Spanish still depicted Jesus as a Black man. In a later painting of Inca kings, the Holy Roman Emperor, and Spanish kings in the Catedral de Lima, in Lima Peru: We find a Whitenized version, of the painting in the Larco museum in Lima Peru. This sets the time, for the Spanish at least, as circa 1800, when Europeans began "Writing-Blacks-out-of-History."

 

Click here for a blowup of the false painting in the Catedral de Lima, in Lima Peru

 

We know that during the "Thirty Years Wars" and subsequent wars (mid 1600s), Black Catholics were defeated by the forces of the insurgent Albino Protestants. (The Albinos tell us that there were Black nobles who were supporters of the Protestants - that may not be true). In investigating what sufficiently great occurrence could have taken place, at about the time the painting was made, to create a climate in Europe so hateful of Black people, that there would be a mass movement to "Write-Blacks-out-of-History." We see only one thing - the Rise of Napoleon!

In the Spanish territories, the change-over from a Black Jesus, to an Albino Jesus, coincides with the kingship in Spain of Napoleons brother Joseph.

 

ffd

 

fre

 

 

55r

 

 

But is that really what happened?

One should never us Wiki as a primary source – it is often inaccurate, and on racial matters, often lies in support of the Albino falsifications of history. But it does provide a general view of the times of Napoleon. Of particular interest is that Napoleons father, Carlo Buonaparte, in his portrait, appears to have been a Mulatto.

 

4ee

 

 

In a study done in 2011, titled “Haplogroup of the Y Chromosome of Napoléon the First” by Gerard Lucotte, Thierry Thomasset, Peter Hrechdakian.


It was determined that Napoleons male line descends from an African of the E1b1b1c1 haplogroup.

Link to the Study here: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jmbr/article/view/10609/

 

Additionally, in contrast to his “supposed” portrait at the Tuileries, Napoleons deathbed portrait depicts a dark man. The Tuileries portrait then, would be in keeping with the Albinos determination to make everyone of historical significance – Albino.


3ee

 

Though Napoleons Black blood does not preclude his starting the mass Albino movement to write Blacks out-of-History. Who knows what a mulatto in a state of “racial confusion” might be capable of.

But what it does do - is open the possibility that Napoleons domination of Europe was the “Last Straw” for the Albinos, after which, they were resolved to remove all vestiges of Blacks, and Black influence from Europe. In which case, the falsifications didn’t happen during his reign, they occurred as a “Result” of his reign. And the reports of Napoleons attempt to destroy the Sphinx by having his cannoneers use it’s face for target practice, is just another Albino lie – The Turks might well have been the culprits.

Click here for a Wiki on Napoleon

Click here for a Wiki on the French Wars of Religion and the conflict with the Habsburgs

 

There is the possibility that perhaps Napoleon saw himself as a "Man of color" fighting the Albino forces which had captured, and now controlled Europe.

Might then, the real purpose of his Egyptian escapade (1798), been to secure a source of Black troops?

Certain quotes attributed to him, seems to suggest a certain empathy for the wretched condition of Blacks in Egypt.

Quote: (Chandler, 220) During the day, the troops distributed leaflets containing Napoleon's proclamation to the people of Egypt. In it, he proclaims the coming of the French to be the will of Allah, to restore their rights and free them from the tyranny of the Marmelukes. (Bourrienne, 71) Also it declares, "What wisdom, what talents, what virtues distinguish the Marmelukes, so that they have exclusive possession of everything that makes life sweet and enjoyable? Is there a fine piece of land? It belongs to the Marmelukes. Is there a beautiful slave girl, a fine horse, a handsome house? Those things too belong to the Marmelukes. If Egypt is their farm, let them show us the lease that God gave them on it!" Of course this was but so much hot air, all Republican spirit aside. Bonaparte was pandering to the fellahin to rally around him, or at least to tolerate his presence in their country.

Quote: The next morning, the Sheiks and Imams of Cairo surrendered the city, and on July 24th accompanied by martial music from the band, Bonaparte entered the capital city of Egypt. Cairo, disappointed Napoleon, as had Alexandria before it. He wrote to the directory, "It is difficult to find a land more fertile and a people more impoverished, ignorant and degraded." He felt the 300,000 people of Cairo were the, "most wretched population in the world." (Castelot, 108-109)

BACKGROUND:

It is believed that it was during the rule of the Abbasid caliphs (circa 750), that the Arabs first started importing Turks as Slave Soldiers (Mamluks), though it could be earlier. By the time of Napoleon, the Turks had long since overthrown and banished the Arabs.

 

Black Statue of Liberty

If we see Napoleon as a self identified "Man of Color": Can we then give credence to an investigation done by Albinos, concerning the original intent, and look, of the Statue of Liberty?


Black Statue of Liberty - Summary Report

http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/black-statue-of-liberty.htm

 

 

 

Click here for a page on contemporary's of Charles V

 

 

When Emperor Charles V sacked Rome in 1527, the Florentines took advantage of the turmoil in Italy to reinstall the Republic; both Alessandro and Ippolito fled, along with the rest of the Medici and their main supporters, including the Pope's regent, Cardinal Silvio Passerini, with the exception of the eight-year-old Caterina de' Medici, who was left behind. Michelangelo, then occupied in creating a funerary chapel for the Medici, initially took charge of building fortifications around Florence in support of the Republic; he later temporarily fled the city. Clement eventually made his peace with the Emperor, and with the support of Imperial troops, the Republic was overwhelmed after a lengthy siege, and the Medici were restored to power in the summer of 1530. Clement assigned Florence to nineteen-year-old Alessandro, who had been made a duke, an appointment that was purchased from Charles. He arrived in Florence to take up his rule on July 5, 1531, and was made hereditary Duke of Florence 9 months later by the Emperor (for Tuscany lay outside the Papal States), thereby signalling the end of the Republic (Hibbert 1999: 250–252; and Schevill 1936: 482, 513–514).

 

 

qqa

 

 

trf

 

King Philip II of Spain (1527 – 1598)

Philip was born in Valladolid, the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, and his consort, Isabella of Portugal. During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents. In 1554 he married Queen Mary I of England.

Mary I (1516 – 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.

She was the only surviving child born of the ill-fated marriage of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. Her younger half-brother, Edward VI, succeeded Henry in 1547. By 1553, Edward was mortally ill and because of religious differences between them, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession. On his death, their cousin Lady Jane Grey was at first proclaimed queen. Mary assembled a force in East Anglia, and successfully deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, and as a result became queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556.

As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her brother. During her five year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions. Her Protestant opponents gave her the sobriquet of "Bloody Mary". Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her successor and younger half-sister, Elizabeth I.

 

 

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Which of these is a true likeness of Charles V (Carlos Quinto)?

 

Spanish Book on Carlos Quinto (Charles V)
 
Henry VIII (left) with Charles V (right) and Pope Leo X (center), circa 1520
ttfe   ttre

 

Medal of Charles Quint
 
Emperor Charles V seated (painting attributed to Titian, 1548)
kjh   rrdw

 

Are these more Mulattoized depictions accurate?

 

gfr   ggtr

 

NO! - They are all, nothing but Albino lies!

 

The race of the Inca, as well as the Holy Roman Emperors, who later came to rule them during the reign of Charles V, has long been in contention. Two old paintings with provenance in Peru, answers both questions definitively.

 

The Inca King list

 

fffr

 

Click here for a blowup of the entire painting

Click here for a blowup of the middle part of the painting

 

 

rrr

 

 

eeww

 

 

ddd

 

 

We can now say, with great confidence, that this picture depicts Charles V.

 

 

hui

 

trf

 

Said to be Christophle le More (get it "Moor"), entourage of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Painted by the Dutch painter Jan Mostaert circa 1520. It is said to be the oldest painting of a Black man in Europe. It is titled dismissively as “Portrait of an African” (As always, degenerate Albinos seek to portray all Blacks, when not as Slaves or Servants, then as Africans). In this way, they preclude all possibilities of them being native Europeans.

 

 

fds  

gfr

 

 

 

 

 

ewd

 

The painting also tells us something about the political situation in Europe after 1800. We find that at the time the painting was created (circa 1800); the Spanish still depicted Jesus as a Black man. In a later painting of Inca kings, the Holy Roman Emperor, and Spanish kings in the Catedral de Lima, in Lima Peru: We find a Whitenized version, of the painting in the Larco museum in Lima Peru. This sets the time, for the Spanish at least, as circa 1800, when Europeans began "Writing-Blacks-out-of-History."

 

Click here for a blowup of the false painting in the Catedral de Lima, in Lima Peru

 

We know that during the "Thirty Years Wars" and subsequent wars (mid 1600s), Black Catholics were defeated by the forces of the insurgent Albino Protestants. (The Albinos tell us that there were Black nobles who were supporters of the Protestants - that may not be true). In investigating what sufficiently great occurrence could have taken place, at about the time the painting was made, to create a climate in Europe so hateful of Black people, that there would be a mass movement to "Write-Blacks-out-of-History." We see only one thing - the Rise of Napoleon!

In the Spanish territories, the change-over from a Black Jesus, to an Albino Jesus, coincides with the kingship in Spain of Napoleons brother Joseph.

 

ffd

 

fre

 

 

55r

 

 

But is that really what happened?

One should never us Wiki as a primary source – it is often inaccurate, and on racial matters, often lies in support of the Albino falsifications of history. But it does provide a general view of the times of Napoleon. Of particular interest is that Napoleons father, Carlo Buonaparte, in his portrait, appears to have been a Mulatto.

 

4ee

 

 

In a study done in 2011, titled “Haplogroup of the Y Chromosome of Napoléon the First” by Gerard Lucotte, Thierry Thomasset, Peter Hrechdakian.


It was determined that Napoleons male line descends from an African of the E1b1b1c1 haplogroup.

Link to the Study here: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jmbr/article/view/10609/

 

Additionally, in contrast to his “supposed” portrait at the Tuileries, Napoleons deathbed portrait depicts a dark man. The Tuileries portrait then, would be in keeping with the Albinos determination to make everyone of historical significance – Albino.


3ee

 

Though Napoleons Black blood does not preclude his starting the mass Albino movement to write Blacks out-of-History. Who knows what a mulatto in a state of “racial confusion” might be capable of.

But what it does do - is open the possibility that Napoleons domination of Europe was the “Last Straw” for the Albinos, after which, they were resolved to remove all vestiges of Blacks, and Black influence from Europe. In which case, the falsifications didn’t happen during his reign, they occurred as a “Result” of his reign. And the reports of Napoleons attempt to destroy the Sphinx by having his cannoneers use it’s face for target practice, is just another Albino lie – The Turks might well have been the culprits.

Click here for a Wiki on Napoleon

Click here for a Wiki on the French Wars of Religion and the conflict with the Habsburgs

 

There is the possibility that perhaps Napoleon saw himself as a "Man of color" fighting the Albino forces which had captured, and now controlled Europe.

Might then, the real purpose of his Egyptian escapade (1798), been to secure a source of Black troops?

Certain quotes attributed to him, seems to suggest a certain empathy for the wretched condition of Blacks in Egypt.

Quote: (Chandler, 220) During the day, the troops distributed leaflets containing Napoleon's proclamation to the people of Egypt. In it, he proclaims the coming of the French to be the will of Allah, to restore their rights and free them from the tyranny of the Marmelukes. (Bourrienne, 71) Also it declares, "What wisdom, what talents, what virtues distinguish the Marmelukes, so that they have exclusive possession of everything that makes life sweet and enjoyable? Is there a fine piece of land? It belongs to the Marmelukes. Is there a beautiful slave girl, a fine horse, a handsome house? Those things too belong to the Marmelukes. If Egypt is their farm, let them show us the lease that God gave them on it!" Of course this was but so much hot air, all Republican spirit aside. Bonaparte was pandering to the fellahin to rally around him, or at least to tolerate his presence in their country.

Quote: The next morning, the Sheiks and Imams of Cairo surrendered the city, and on July 24th accompanied by martial music from the band, Bonaparte entered the capital city of Egypt. Cairo, disappointed Napoleon, as had Alexandria before it. He wrote to the directory, "It is difficult to find a land more fertile and a people more impoverished, ignorant and degraded." He felt the 300,000 people of Cairo were the, "most wretched population in the world." (Castelot, 108-109)

BACKGROUND:

It is believed that it was during the rule of the Abbasid caliphs (circa 750), that the Arabs first started importing Turks as Slave Soldiers (Mamluks), though it could be earlier. By the time of Napoleon, the Turks had long since overthrown and banished the Arabs.

 

Black Statue of Liberty

If we see Napoleon as a self identified "Man of Color": Can we then give credence to an investigation done by Albinos, concerning the original intent, and look, of the Statue of Liberty?


Black Statue of Liberty - Summary Report

http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/black-statue-of-liberty.htm

 

 

 

Click here for a page on contemporary's of Charles V

 

 

When Emperor Charles V sacked Rome in 1527, the Florentines took advantage of the turmoil in Italy to reinstall the Republic; both Alessandro and Ippolito fled, along with the rest of the Medici and their main supporters, including the Pope's regent, Cardinal Silvio Passerini, with the exception of the eight-year-old Caterina de' Medici, who was left behind. Michelangelo, then occupied in creating a funerary chapel for the Medici, initially took charge of building fortifications around Florence in support of the Republic; he later temporarily fled the city. Clement eventually made his peace with the Emperor, and with the support of Imperial troops, the Republic was overwhelmed after a lengthy siege, and the Medici were restored to power in the summer of 1530. Clement assigned Florence to nineteen-year-old Alessandro, who had been made a duke, an appointment that was purchased from Charles. He arrived in Florence to take up his rule on July 5, 1531, and was made hereditary Duke of Florence 9 months later by the Emperor (for Tuscany lay outside the Papal States), thereby signalling the end of the Republic (Hibbert 1999: 250–252; and Schevill 1936: 482, 513–514).

 

 

qqa

 

 

trf

 

King Philip II of Spain (1527 – 1598)

Philip was born in Valladolid, the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, and his consort, Isabella of Portugal. During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents. In 1554 he married Queen Mary I of England.

Mary I (1516 – 1558) was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death.

She was the only surviving child born of the ill-fated marriage of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. Her younger half-brother, Edward VI, succeeded Henry in 1547. By 1553, Edward was mortally ill and because of religious differences between them, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession. On his death, their cousin Lady Jane Grey was at first proclaimed queen. Mary assembled a force in East Anglia, and successfully deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, and as a result became queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556.

As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her brother. During her five year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions. Her Protestant opponents gave her the sobriquet of "Bloody Mary". Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her successor and younger half-sister, Elizabeth I.

 

 

ffe

 

 

kky

 

Ferdinand I (1503 – 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death. Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. The key events during his reign were the contest with the Ottoman Empire, whose great advance into Central Europe began in the 1520s, and the Protestant Reformation, which resulted in several wars of religion.

 

jhy   nnj

 

Maximilian II (1527 – 1576) Holy Roman Emperor, his Father as Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Mother Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen Maria of Burgundy. Maria was born in Madrid to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (elect at the time) and King of Spain, and Isabella of Portugal.

 

kky

 

 

aae

 

yyh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The group of seven is now established as three archbishops (of Mainz, Cologne and Trier) and four hereditary lay rulers (the count palatine of the Rhine, the duke of Saxony, the margrave of Brandenburg and the king of Bohemia). This group of seven electors remains unchanged until the 17th century, when an eighth vote is added (the newcomer to the list is the duke of Bavaria). In 1708 the ruler of Hanover becomes a ninth elector. But by this time the idea of election is as meaningless as in any rotten borough. The office of Holy Roman Emperor has become a hereditary attachment of one family.

 

 

uhy

 

Matthias of Austria (1557 – 1619) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. Matthias was born in the Austrian capital of Vienna to Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain. Matthias married Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of his uncle Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, whose successor in Austria Matthias became in 1595. Their marriage did not produce surviving children.

In 1578, Matthias was invited to the Netherlands by the States-General of the rebellious provinces, who offered him the position of Governor-General. Matthias accepted the appointment, although the position was not recognized by his uncle, Philip II of Spain, the hereditary ruler of the provinces. Matthias nonetheless remained as titular governor for the rebels until they deposed Philip II and declared full independence in 1581, at which point Matthias returned home to Austria.

 

 

sst

 

 

In 1593 he was appointed governor of Austria by his brother, Emperor Rudolf II. He formed a close association there with the Bishop of Vienna, Melchior Klesl, who later became his chief adviser. In 1605 Matthias forced the ailing emperor to allow him to deal with the Hungarian Protestant rebels. The result was the Peace of Vienna of 1606, which guaranteed religious freedom in Hungary and guaranteed the right of Transylvanians to elect their own independent princes in the future. In the same year Matthias was recognized as head of the House of Habsburg and as the future Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of Rudolf's illness. Allying himself with the estates of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia, Matthias forced his brother to yield rule of these lands to him in 1608; Rudolf later ceded Bohemia in 1611. Matthias's army then held Rudolf prisoner in his castle in Prague until 1611, when Rudolf was forced to cede the crown of Bohemia to his brother.

 

 

hhm

 

 

After Matthias's accession as Holy Roman Emperor, his policy was dominated by Klesl, who hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. Matthias had already been forced to grant religious concessions to Protestants in Austria and Moravia, as well as in Hungary, when he had allied with them against his brother Rudolf. Matthias imprisoned Georg Keglević who was the Commander-in-chief, General, Vice-Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, and since 1602 Baron in Transylvania, but soon left him free again. At that time, the Principality of Transylvania was fully autonomous, but only a semi-independent state under the nominal suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.

 

 

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At this point we will pause to ask the question: So what happened to the Blacks of Europe?

The Albinos who actually acknowledge that they ever existed - don't forget, the standard Albino lie is that THEY are the original Europeans: claim that they were assimilated!

For those so silly as to accept the White mans explanation of assimilation: it is easily proven false. India was the first place to suffer invasion by the Albinos (circa 1,500 B.C.). They have been assimilating each other for about 3,500 years. Europe's invasion by the Albinos occurred about 300 years later (circa 1,200 B.C.), by the people that we incorrectly call Hellenes and Latin's (those names were in fact for native Blacks): those first Albinos were indeed assimilated over the next thousand-plus years. But the next wave of Central Asian Albinos: the Germanics, Slav's, and Turks, was massive - they were far too many, and could not be assimilated by Blacks, thus resulting in racial conflict.

 

This is how assimilation works, and this is what assimilation looks like!

 

edw

fre

<<<<<<< When Albinos like the people above, mate with Blacks like this man:

 

The result is a Mulatto like this woman >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

fre

 

But most importantly: NOT EVERYONE ASSIMILATES!!!

AFTER 3,500 YEARS OF ADMIXTURE IN INDIA, THERE STILL EXISTS LARGE POPULATIONS OF BLACKS AND WHITES!

 

gfe fre

 

gfe fde

 

THERE IS NOTHING LIKE THE ABOVE IN EUROPE!

So then, we are asked to believe that after only a few hundred years, the White Albinos absorbed the entire Black population of Europe? That is an incredibly stupid lie which defies logic.

Ferdinand III (1608 – 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. His father was Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, Mother Maria Anna of Bavaria. Ferdinand was born in Graz, the eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg and his first wife, Maria Anna of Bavaria. Educated by the Jesuits, he became King of Hungary in 1625, King of Bohemia in 1627 and Archduke of Austria in 1621. In 1627 Ferdinand enhanced his authority and set an important legal and military precedent by issuing a Revised Land Ordinance that deprived the Bohemian estates of their right to raise soldiers, reserving that power solely for the monarch.

 

fre

 

Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (1583 – 1634 - actually von Waldstein), was a Bohemian soldier and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men during the Danish period (1625–29) of the Thirty Years' War to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II. He became the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and one of the major figures of the Thirty Years' War.

A successful generalissimo who had made himself ruler of the lands of the Duchy of Friedland in northern Bohemia, Wallenstein found himself released from service in 1630 after Ferdinand grew wary of his ambition. Several Protestant victories over Catholic armies induced Ferdinand to recall Wallenstein, who again turned the war in favor of the Imperial cause. But dissatisfied with the Emperor's treatment of him, Wallenstein considered allying with the Protestants. However, Ferdinand had the general assassinated at Eger (Cheb) in Egerland by one of the army's officials, Walter Devereux.

 

Following the death of Wallenstein (who had previously denied him the overall military command of the Catholic side), in 1634 he was made titular head of the Imperial Army, and later that year, joined with his cousin the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, they being nominally responsible of the capture of Donauwörth and Regensburg, and of the defeat of the Swedes at the Battle of Nördlingen.

 

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He hoped to be able to make peace soon with France and Sweden, but the war dragged on for another 11 years, finally coming to an end with the Peace of Westphalia (Treaty of Münster with France, Treaty of Osnabrück with Sweden) in 1648: they both negotiated by his envoy Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff, a diplomat who had been made a count in 1623 by his father Ferdinand II. During the last period of the war in 1644, Ferdinand III gave all rulers of German states the right to conduct their own foreign policy (ius belli ac pacis). This way the emperor was trying to gain more allies in the negotiations with France and Sweden. This very edict contributed to the gradual erosion of the imperial authority in the Holy Roman Empire. After 1648 the emperor was engaged in carrying out the terms of the treaty and ridding Germany of the foreign soldiery. In 1656 he sent an army into Italy to assist Spain in her struggle with France, and he had just concluded an alliance with Poland to check the aggressions of Charles X of Sweden when he died on 2 April 1657.

 

Note: France, the home of the Franks - the originators of the Black Holy Roman Empire, was now at war with that very same Empire. This is as a result of the The Hundred Years' War, which was a series of separate wars waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet in Britain, also known as the House of Anjou, for the French throne. These wars left half of Frances population dead. The Albinos had no trouble taking over after that.

 

 

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The Thirty Years War

1618-1648

The Thirty Years War is one of the great conflicts of early modern European history. The Thirty Years War consisted of a series of declared and undeclared wars which raged through the years 1618-1648 throughout central Europe. During the Thirty Years War the opponents were, on the one hand, the House of Austria: the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors Ferdinand II and Ferdinand III together with their Spanish cousin Philip IV. During the long course of the Thirty Years War the Habsburgs were opposed by various international opponents of House of Austria: the Danish, Dutch and, above all, France and Sweden.

In addition to its international dimensions the Thirty Years War was a German civil war. The principalities which made up Germany took up arms for or against the Habsburgs or, most commonly, both at different times during the war’s 30 years. The Thirty Years War was also, at least in part, a religious war among Catholics, Lutherans and Calvinists. Ferdinand II and, to a lesser degree, his primary ally Maximillian I represented the re-Catholicizing zeal of the Jesuit Counter-reformation, while Frederick V of the Palatinate represented the equally militant forces of Calvinism.

Foreign powers - The French, English and Dutch formed a league to oppose the Habsburgs. They found their champion in Christian IV of Denmark, who also had extensive possessions in northern Germany. Christian invaded, but was crushingly defeated by the army of the Catholic League and a new Imperial force under the enigmatic Bohemian condottiere Wallenstein. Emboldened by victory, the Emperor issued the Edict of Restitution, requiring the return of all lands expropriated from the Roman church since the 1550’s

 

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Faced with increasing pressure from the Habsburgs, the Bohemians rose in revolt. They deposed the Habsburgs and crowned Frederick V of the Palatinate as their King. Initially, the revolt seemed destined for success. However, Ferdinand II struck back, subsidized by his Spanish relatives and in alliance with the Catholic League and with Lutheran Saxony. The Bohemians were utterly defeated near Prague at the White Mountain. Simultaneously the Spanish had invaded and conquered the Lower Palatinate, Frederick’s territories on the Rhine. This enabled the Spanish to secure the land route from their territories in Northern Italy to their lands in modern-day Belgium. Frederick V of the Palatinate and other Protestant rulers sought to regain the Rhenish Palatinate from the Spanish and the Catholic League. These efforts were supported by the Dutch who had been battling the Spaniards for independence since 1568. A strong Spanish presence on the Rhine was a strategic peril they could not ignore.

 

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The Peace of Westphalia

Over the last four years of the war, the parties were actively negotiating at Osnabrück and Münster in Westphalia. On 24 October, 1648 the Peace of Westphalia was signed, ending the Thirty Years War. The Swedes received a large cash indemnity and control over western Pomerania, Bremen and Verden. The French recieved rights (nature unclear) over Alsace. The control of the Emperor over the German territorial rulers was reduced to nothing. Within the German portion of the Empire, private exercise of non-conforming religion was permitted and the organs of government were rendered religiously neutral. Lands secularized by the Protestants in 1624 were generally allowed to remain so. However, in the Habsburg territories of Bohemia and Austria the Emperor was given a nearly free hand to re-impose Catholicism.

 

Results of the Wars

Casualties and disease

 

So great was the devastation brought about by the war that estimates put the reduction of population in the German states at about 25% to 40%. Some regions were affected much more than others. For example, Württemberg lost three-quarters of its population during the war. In the territory of Brandenburg, the losses had amounted to half, while in some areas an estimated two-thirds of the population died. The male population of the German states was reduced by almost half. The population of the Czech lands declined by a third due to war, disease, famine and the expulsion of Protestant Czechs. Much of the destruction of civilian lives and property was caused by the cruelty and greed of mercenary soldiers, many of whom were rich commanders and poor soldiers. Villages were especially easy prey to the marauding armies. Those that survived, like the small village of Drais near Mainz, would take almost a hundred years to recover. The Swedish armies alone may have destroyed up to 2,000 castles, 18,000 villages and 1,500 towns in Germany, one-third of all German towns. The war caused serious dislocations to both the economies and populations of central Europe, but may have done no more than seriously exacerbate changes that had begun earlier.
Beggar, probably war veteran circa 1622, by Jacques Callot

Pestilence of several kinds raged among combatants and civilians in Germany and surrounding lands from 1618 to 1648. Many features of the war spread disease. These included troop movements, the influx of soldiers from foreign countries, and the shifting locations of battle fronts. In addition, the displacement of civilian populations and the overcrowding of refugees into cities led to both disease and famine. Information about numerous epidemics is generally found in local chronicles, such as parish registers and tax records, that are often incomplete and may be exaggerated. The chronicles do show that epidemic disease was not a condition exclusive to war time, but was present in many parts of Germany for several decades prior to 1618.

However, when the Danish and Imperial armies met in Saxony and Thuringia during 1625 and 1626, disease and infection in local communities increased. Local chronicles repeatedly referred to "head disease", "Hungarian disease", and a "spotted" disease identified as typhus. After the Mantuan War, between France and the Habsburgs in Italy, the northern half of the Italian peninsula was in the throes of a bubonic plague epidemic. During the unsuccessful siege of Nuremberg, in 1632, civilians and soldiers in both the Swedish and Imperial armies succumbed to typhus and scurvy. Two years later, as the Imperial army pursued the defeated Swedes into southwest Germany, deaths from epidemics were high along the Rhine River. Bubonic plague continued to be a factor in the war. Beginning in 1634, Dresden, Munich, and smaller German communities such as Oberammergau recorded large numbers of plague casualties. In the last decades of the war, both typhus and dysentery had become endemic in Germany.

 

We view the Thirty Years Wars as the defining Wars in the Albinos efforts to remove Blacks from Europe and end Black Hegemony in Europe. That because by this time, the Americas provided a place to send civilian survivors and prisoners of war. But there were many other wars in Europe which directly, or indirectly, furthered the Albino cause of Black eradication.

 
 

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Leopold I (1640 – 1705), Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany and Hungary. He was the second son of Emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Ana of Austria. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. He was also a first cousin of his rival, Louis XIV of France.

 

 

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Portraits of Leopold I

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Leopold became heir apparent on 9 July 1654 with the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV, and reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 to 1705. Leopold's reign was marked by military successes against the Ottoman Empire in the Great Turkish War through his greatest general Prince Eugene of Savoy. By the end of the war, the Habsburg Monarchy had annexed Transylvania and much of Hungary.

Leopold is also known for his conflicts against France through the "Nine Years" War and the War of Spanish Succession. In the latter, he had hoped to enforce the Second Partition Treaty, which assigned the throne of the Kingdom of Spain to his son the Archduke Charles. Leopold managed the war extremely well, and the Habsburg Monarchy scored decisive victories at Schellenberg and Blenheim. His death in 1705 left the throne to his eldest son Joseph.

 

The Nine Years War

(1688–97)

The Nine Years' War (1688–97) – often called the War of the Grand Alliance, the War of the Palatine Succession, or the War of the League of Augsburg – was a major war of the late 17th century fought between King Louis XIV of France, and a European-wide coalition, the Grand Alliance, led by the Anglo-Dutch Stadtholder King William III, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, King Charles II of Spain, Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, and the major and minor princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The Nine Years' War was fought primarily on mainland Europe and its surrounding waters, but it also encompassed a theatre in Ireland, where William III and James II struggled for control of the British Isles, and a minor campaign (King William's War) between French and English settlers and their Indian allies in colonial North America.

 

The War of the Spanish Succession

(1701–1714)

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was fought among several European powers, including a divided Spain, over the possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch. As France and Spain were among the most powerful states of Europe, such a unification would have drastically altered the European balance of power. The war was fought primarily by forces supporting the unification, the Spanish loyal to Philip V of France and the Electorate of Bavaria, against those opposing unification, the Spanish loyal to Archduke Charles, the Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain, the Dutch Republic, Portugal and the Duchy of Savoy. The forces were known as the Two Crowns and Grand Alliance, respectively.

 

 

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Francesco Farnese, Duke of Parma (1678 – 1727). The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, as a fief for Pope Paul III's illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese, it was centered on the city of Parma. Francesco reigned as the seventh and penultimate Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1694 until his death. He married Dorothea Sophia of the Palatinate, his brother Odoardo's widow, to avoid the return of her dowry. Francesco curtailed court expenditure, enormous under his father and predecessor, Ranuccio II, while preventing the occupation of his Duchy of Parma, nominally a Papal fief, during the War of the Spanish Succession.

In 1700, upon the death of Charles II of Spain without an ostensible heir, the War of the Spanish Succession broke out between France and Austria. Duke Francesco, anxious to keep foreign troops out of his duchy, adopted a policy of neutrality; Prince Eugene of Savoy occupied parts of the Farnese territories however. When Francesco complained to Prince Eugene's employer, the Austrian Emperor Leopold I of this, the Emperor replied that he would be duly compensated at a later date. Towards the end of the war, Austria, now ruled by Leopold's son Joseph I, disregarded its promise of reparations and, as part of a concordat with the Catholic church, declared Parma its fief.

 

 

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Ferdinand VI (1713 – 1759), was King of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. Ferdinand was the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty. His father's second wife, Elisabeth of Parma, was a domineering woman, who had no affection except for her own children, and who looked upon her stepson as an obstacle to their fortunes. The hypochondria of his father left Elisabeth mistress of the palace. Ferdinand was married in 1729 to Infanta Barbara of Portugal, daughter of John V of Portugal and Mary Anne of Austria.

When he came to the throne, Spain found itself in the War of the Austrian Succession which ended without any benefit to Spain. He started his reign by eliminating the influence of his fathers widow, Queen Elisabeth of Parma, and her group of Italian courtiers. As king he followed a steady policy of neutrality in the conflict between France and Britain, and refused to be tempted by the offers of either into declaring war on the other.

Joseph I (1678 – 1711) Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary, King of the Romans was the elder son of Emperor Leopold I and his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. In 1699, he married Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, daughter of John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He succeeded his father as emperor in 1705. It was his good fortune to govern the Austrian dominions and to be head of the Empire, during the years in which his trusted general, Prince Eugene of Savoy, either acting alone in Italy or with the Duke of Marlborough in Germany and Flanders, was beating the armies of Louis XIV of France. During the whole of his reign, Hungary was disturbed by the conflict with Francis Rákóczi II, who eventually took refuge in the Ottoman Empire. The emperor reversed many of the authoritative measures of his father, thus helping to placate opponents. He began attempts to settle the question of the Austrian inheritance by a pragmatic sanction, which was continued by his brother Charles VI. Joseph died in Vienna from smallpox.

 

 

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Charles VI (1685 – 1740) was the penultimate Habsburg sovereign of the Habsburg Empire. He succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia, Archduke of Austria, etc. in 1711. He unsuccessfully claimed the throne of Spain as Charles III following the death of its ruler, and Charles's relative, Charles II of Spain, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habsburg sovereign, and Maria Anna, born 1718, Governess of the Austrian Netherlands.

 

 

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Four years before the birth of Maria Theresa, due to his lack of male heirs, Charles provided for a male-line succession failure with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. The Emperor favoured his own daughters over those of his elder brother and predecessor, Joseph I, in the succession, ignoring the decree he had signed during the reign of his father, Leopold I. Charles sought the other European powers' approval, but they exacted harsh terms: England demanded that Austria abolish its overseas trading company. In total, Great Britain, France, Saxony-Poland, the Dutch Republic, Spain, Venice, States of the Church, Prussia, Russia, Denmark, Savoy-Sardinia, Bavaria, and the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire recognised the sanction. France, Spain, Saxony-Poland, Bavaria and Prussia later reneged on their agreement. Charles died in 1740, sparking the War of the Austrian Succession, which plagued his daughter and successor, Maria Theresa, for eight years.

 

 

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Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina, Holy Roman Empress (1717 – 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.

Upon the death of her father, Saxony, Prussia, Bavaria and France repudiated the sanction they had recognised during his lifetime. Prussia proceeded to invade the affluent Habsburg province of Silesia, sparking a nine-year conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession. Maria Theresa would later unsuccessfully try to reconquer Silesia during the Seven Years' War.

She married Francis Stephen of Lorraine and had sixteen children, including Queen Marie Antoinette of France, Queen Maria Carolina of Naples, Duchess Maria Amalia of Parma and two Holy Roman Emperors, Joseph II and Leopold II. Though she was expected to cede power to Francis and Joseph, both of whom were officially her co-rulers in Austria and Bohemia, Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled by the counsel of her advisers. She criticised and disapproved of many of Joseph's actions. Although she is considered to have been intellectually inferior to both Joseph and Leopold, Maria Theresa understood the importance of her public persona and was able to simultaneously evoke both esteem and affection from her subjects.

Maria Theresa promulgated financial and educational reforms, with the assistance of Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz and Gottfried van Swieten, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganised Austria's ramshackle military, all of which strengthened Austria's international standing. However, she refused to allow religious toleration and contemporary travellers thought her regime was bigoted and superstitious. As a young monarch who fought two dynastic wars, she believed that her cause should be the cause of her subjects, but in her later years she would believe that their cause must be hers.

 

 

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Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744 – 1818) - Father Charles I Ludwig Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (German duchy). Mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen (small principality in Germany) Charlotte was a Princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Queen of the United Kingdom as the consort of King George III. She was also the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and electress of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire until the promotion of her husband to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, which made her Queen consort of Hanover.

She was a granddaughter of Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz by his third wife, Christiane Emilie Antonie, Princess of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. Her father's elder half brother reigned from 1708 to 1753 as Adolf Friedrich III. Queen Charlotte was a patroness of the arts, known to Johann Christian Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, among others. She was also an amateur botanist who helped expand Kew Gardens. George III and Queen Charlotte had 15 children, 13 of whom survived to adulthood.

 

 

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Joseph II (1741 – 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold.

 

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Leopold II (1747 – 1792), was Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. Leopold was a moderate proponent of enlightened absolutism. Leopold was born in Vienna, the third son, and was at first educated for the priesthood, but the theological studies to which he was forced to apply himself are believed to have influenced him against the Church.

In 1753, he was engaged to Maria Beatrice d'Este, heiress to the Duchy of Modena. The marriage never materialised; Maria Beatrice instead married Leopold's brother, Archduke Ferdinand. On the death of his elder brother, Charles, in 1761, it was decided that he should succeed to his father's grand duchy of Tuscany, which was erected into a "secundogeniture" or apanage for a second son. This settlement was the condition of his marriage on 5 August 1764 with Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, daughter of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony.

 

 

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Francis II (1768 – 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I (Franz I.), the first Emperor of Austria (Kaiser von Österreich), ruling from 1804 to 1835, so later he was named the one and only Doppelkaiser (double emperor) in history. For the two years between 1804 and 1806, Francis used the title and style by the grace of God elected Roman Emperor, always August, hereditary Emperor of Austria and he was called the Emperor of both Germany and Austria. He was also Apostolic King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia as Francis I. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815.

 

 

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Francis I continued his leading role as an opponent of Napoleonic France in the Napoleonic Wars, and suffered several more defeats after Austerlitz. The proxy marriage of state with his daughter, Marie Louise of Austria to Napoleon on 10 March 1810, was assuredly his most severe defeat. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis' chancellor Klemens Wenzel and Prince von Metternich, culminated in a new European map and the restoration of Francis' ancient dominions (except the Holy Roman Empire which was dissolved). Due to the establishment of the Concert of Europe, which largely resisted popular nationalist and liberal tendencies, Francis became viewed as a reactionary later in his reign.

 

Karl Marx

ttsKarl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867–1894); some of his works were co-written with his friend and fellow German revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels.

Born into a wealthy middle class family in Trier, formerly in Prussian Rhineland now called Rhineland-Palatinate, Marx studied at both the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. In 1836, he became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, marrying her in 1843. After his studies, he wrote for a radical newspaper in Cologne, and began to work out his theory of dialectical materialism. Moving to Paris in 1843, he began writing for other radical newspapers. He met Engels in Paris, and the two men worked together on a series of books. Exiled to Brussels, he became a leading figure of the Communist League, before moving back to Cologne, where he founded his own newspaper. In 1849 he was exiled again and moved to London together with his wife and children. In London, where the family was reduced to poverty, Marx continued writing and formulating his theories about the nature of society and how he believed it could be improved, as well as campaigning for socialism and becoming a significant figure in the International Workingmen's Association.

Marx's theories about society, economics and politics, which are collectively known as Marxism, hold that all societies progress through the dialectic of class struggle; a conflict between an ownership class which controls production and a lower class which produces the labour for such goods. Heavily critical of the current socio-economic form of society, capitalism, he called it the "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie", believing it to be run by the wealthy classes purely for their own benefit, and predicted that, like previous socioeconomic systems, it would inevitably produce internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system, socialism. He argued that under socialism society would be governed by the working class in what he called the "dictatorship of the proletariat", the "workers state" or "workers' democracy". He believed that socialism would, in its turn, eventually be replaced by a stateless, classless society called communism. Along with believing in the inevitability of socialism and communism, Marx actively fought for the former's implementation, arguing that both social theorists and underprivileged people should carry out organised revolutionary action to topple capitalism and bring about socio-economic change.

Revolutionary socialist governments espousing Marxist concepts took power in a variety of countries in the 20th century, leading to the formation of such socialist states as the Soviet Union in 1922 and the People's Republic of China in 1949, while various theoretical variants, such as Leninism, Stalinism, Trotskyism and Maoism, were developed. Marx is typically cited, with Émile Durkheim and Max Weber, as one of the three principal architects of modern social science. Marx has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history, and in a 1999 BBC poll was voted the top "thinker of the millennium" by people from around the world.

 

 

The last of the Black European Royalty may have been Princess Pauline von Metternich (1836–1921). Read her biography and see the many efforts the Albinos made with her pictures to make her appear less Black.Click here >>

 

 

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If you want an indication of just how "Explosive" the racial situation was in medieval Europe, note this painting by Lucas Cranach the Younger: "Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery"

 

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Note that the Black Knight, and only the Black Knight, is done in "Grotesque".

That's "Pure Hatred"!

 

 

 

Now There is No More Blacks in Europe

 

Well there it is, after all of those wars there is a "New" Europe, and in this new Europe there are no longer any Blacks, they have disappeared! At this point even the dimmest would suspect that there is much that the Albinos are not telling us. But then again, who but the dimmest would believe the history of the Albinos anyway? Aren't these the people who have taught us that there were no Blacks in Europe? Yet in these pages we have learnt that Blacks were the first settlers of Europe, but more, that they were the rulers of Europe until the fall of the Holy Roman Empire.

Obviously then, those wars were not about that which the Albinos say they were about: Though Blacks were undoubtedly mainly the Catholics, there were some Black protestants too, so a religious war could hardly result in the eradication of just Blacks. Similarly, wars for territory could not result in the eradication of just Blacks, because Blacks were all over Europe. That leaves only "Race" as a reason for those wars - the extermination of European Blacks - a Genocide! But even in a genocide event, there are still survivors, what could have happened to them?

Well at that time, there was only one place were millions of undesired people could be accommodated, the newly discovered Americas. As you may recall from the history of the Thirty years war: Quote - The male population of the German states was reduced by almost half. Yet in the British colonies of North America we see entries like this for passenger ships docking at their ports: Cargo - 250 Palatine Males (Electoral Palatinate or County Palatine of the Rhine, a historic state of the Black Holy Roman Empire). They were required to take an oath which included the following, quote: we will demean our Selves peaceably to all his Majesties Subjects, and Strictly observe and conform to the Laws of England and of this Province to the utmost of our power and best of our understanding.

Common sense tells us that a nation which had lost half of it's male population would consider those remaining to be GOLDEN! And would certainly not allow them to leave. And as we know, Britain and the rebellious Albinos were allies in the Thirty years war, obviously that is not an oath that the citizen of an ally would be required to take. So then, it seems safe to say that those Palatine Males, and millions more just like them, were Blacks, and part of an ethnic cleansing of Blacks from Europe. Therefore if we want to know what happened to them we will have to follow them to the Americas.

At this point, the history of Black Germany, and its companion history, Black Britain - where exactly the same thing happened - is exactly the same.

 

 

 

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Click here for more Art of Blacks in Medieval and Renaissance Europe.

 

 

 

A little levity as an aside below.

 

Obsessive–compulsive disorder

 

Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding; preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room, AND WHITENIZING IMAGES! These symptoms can be alienating and time-consuming, and often cause severe emotional and financial distress. The acts of those who have OCD may appear paranoid and potentially psychotic. However, OCD sufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsions as irrational, and may become further distressed by this realization.

 

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Note: there are many versions as to their ethnicity,

A sure indication that as usual - The Albinos make-it-up-as-they-go!

 

 

George Christoph Platl Lichtenberg 1742-1799 was an 18 century scientist 

German scientist, satirist and Anglophile Wisdom

"First there is a time when we believe everything, then for a little while we believe with discrimination, then we believe nothing whatever, and then we believe everything again – and, moreover, give reasons why we believe. – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg"

Lichtenberg was the youngest of 17 children of pastor Johann Conrad Lichtenberg. His father, ascending through the ranks of the church hierarchy, eventually became superintendent for Darmstadt. Unusually for a clergyman in those times, he seems to have possessed a fair amount of scientific knowledge. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg was educated at his parents' house until 10 years old, when he joined the Lateinschule in Darmstadt. His intelligence and wit became obvious at a very early age. He wanted to study mathematics, but his family could not afford to pay for lessons. In 1762, his mother applied to Ludwig VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, who granted sufficient funds. In 1763, Lichtenberg enteredGöttingen University, where in 1769 he became extraordinary professor of physics, and six years later ordinary professor. He held this post till his death.

Lichtenberg became a hunchback owing to a malformation of his spine. This left him unusually short, even by 18th-century standards. Over time, this malformation grew worse, ultimately affecting even his breathing.

One of the first scientists to introduce experiments with apparatus in their lectures, Lichtenberg was a most popular and respected figure in the European intellectual circles of his time. He maintained good relations with most of the great figures of that era, including Goethe and Kant. In 1784, Alessandro Volta visited Göttingen especially to see the man and his experiments. The eminent mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss sat in on his lectures. In 1793, he was elected a member of the Royal Society.

As a physicist, today he is remembered for his investigations in electricity, for discovering branching discharge patterns on dielectrics, now called Lichtenberg figures. In 1777, he built a large electrophorus to generate static electricity through induction.[2] One of the largest made, it was 2 m in diameter and could produce 38-cm sparks. With it, he discovered the basic principle of modern xerography copy machine technology. By discharging a highvoltage point near an insulator, he was able to record strange, tree-like patterns in fixed dust. These Lichtenberg figures are considered today to be examples of fractals.

He was one of the first to introduce Benjamin Franklin's lightning rod to Germany by installing such devices to his house in Göttingen and his garden sheds. He also proposed the standardized paper size system used all over the world today (except in Canada and the US, defined by ISO 216, which has A4 as the most commonly used size.[3]

Invited by his students, he visited England twice, from Easter to early summer 1770 and from August 1774 to Christmas 1775, where he was received cordially by George III and Queen Charlotte. He led the King through the royal observatory in Richmond, upon which the king proposed that he become professor of philosophy. He also met with participants of Cook's voyages. Great Britain impressed him, and he became a well-known Anglophile after the visits.

He had many romances. Most of the women were from poor families. In 1777, he met Maria Stechard, then aged 13, who lived with the professor permanently after 1780. She died in 1782.[4] In the following year, he met Margarethe Kellner (1768–1848). He married her in 1789, to give her a pension, as he thought he was to die soon. She gave him six children, and outlived him by 49 years.

Lichtenberg was prone to procrastination. He failed to launch the first ever hydrogen balloon, and although he always dreamed of writing a novel à la Fielding's Tom Jones, he never finished more than a few pages. He died at the age of 56, after a short illness.

erfr4
Lichtenberg's monument at the marketplace in Göttingen

Scrap books

The "scrapbooks" (Sudelbücher in German) are the notebooks he kept from his student days until the end of his life. Each volume was accorded a letter of the alphabet from A, which begun in 1765, to L, which broke off at Lichtenberg's death in 1799.

These notebooks first became known to the world after the man's death, when the first and second editions of Lichtenbergs Vermischte Schriften(1800–06 and 1844–53) were published by his sons and brothers. Since the initial publications, however, notebooks G and H, and most of notebook K, were destroyed or disappeared. Those missing parts are believed to have contained sensitive materials. The manuscripts of the remaining notebooks are now preserved in Göttingen University.

The notebooks contain quotations that struck Lichtenberg, titles of books to read, autobiographical sketches, and short or long reflections. Those reflections helped Lichtenberg earn his posthumous fame. Today, he is regarded as one of the best aphorists in Western intellectual history.

Some scholars have attempted to distil a system of thought out of Lichtenberg's scattered musings. However, Lichtenberg was not a professional philosopher, and had no need to present, or to have, any consistent philosophy.

The scrapbooks, nevertheless, reveal a critical and analytical way of thinking and emphasis on experimental evidence in physics, through which he became one of the early founders and advocates of modern scientific methodology.

The more experience and experiments are accumulated during the exploration of nature, the more faltering its theories become. It is always good though not to abandon them instantly. For every hypothesis which used to be good at least serves the purpose of duly summarizing and keeping all phenomena until its own time. One should lay down the conflicting experience separately, until it has accumulated sufficiently to justify the efforts necessary to edifice a new theory. (Lichtenberg: scrapbook JII/1602)

The reflections also include keen observations on human nature, à la the 17th-century French moralists.

Arthur Schopenhauer admired Lichtenberg greatly for what he had written in his notebooks. He called Lichtenberg one of those who "think ... for their own instruction", who are "genuine 'thinkers for themselves' in both senses of the words".[5] Other admirers of Lichtenberg's notebooks include Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud and Ludwig Wittgenstein.[6] Lichtenberg is not read by many outside Germany. Leo Tolstoy held Lichtenberg's writings in high esteem, expressing his perplexity of "why the Germans of the present day neglect this writer so much."[7] The Chinese scholar and wit Qian Zhongshu quotes the Waste books in his works several times.[8] A crater on theMoon is named Lichtenberg in his honour.

Other works[edit]

As a satirist, Lichtenberg takes high rank among the German writers of the 18th century. His biting wit involved him in many controversies with well-known contemporaries, such as the Swiss physiognomist Johann Kaspar Lavaterwhose science of physiognomy he ridiculed, and Johann Heinrich Voss, whose views on Greek pronunciation called forth a powerful satire, Über die Pronunciation der Schöpse des alten Griechenlandes.[9] For Laurence Sterne's wit on the bigotry of the clergy, in his novel Tristram Shandy, Lichtenberg condemned him as a scandalum ecclesiae (a scandal for the Church).[10]

In 1777, Lichtenberg opposed the apparent misrepresentation of science by Jacob Philadelphia. Lichtenberg considered him to be a magician, not a physicist, and created a satirical poster that was intended to prevent Philadelphia from performing his exhibition in Göttingen. The placard, called “Lichtenberg's Avertissement,” described extravagant and miraculous tricks that were to be performed. As a result, Philadelphia left the city without a performance.

In 1784 he took over the publication of the textbook Anfangsgründe der Naturlehre ("Foundations of the Natural Sciences") from his friend and colleague Johann Christian Erxleben upon his premature death in 1777. Until 1794, three further editions had followed. For many years, the Anfangsgründe remained the standard textbook for physics in German.

He published the Göttinger Taschen Calender from 1778 onwards, and contributed to the Göttingisches Magazin der Wissenschaften und Literatur, which he edited for three years (1780–1782) with J. G. A. Forster. The Göttinger Taschen Calender, beside being a usual Calendar for everyday usage, contained not only short writings on natural phenomena and new scientific discoveries (which would be termed popular science today), but also essays in which he contests quackery and superstition. It also contained attacks on the “Sturm und Drang” writers. In the spirit of enlightenment, he strove to educate the common people to use logic, wit and the power of their own senses.

Based on his visits to England, his Briefe aus England, with admirable descriptions of Garrick's acting, are the most attractive of his writings published during his lifetime. He also published from 1794 to 1799 an Ausführliche Erklärung der Hogarthischen Kupferstiche, in which he described the satirical details in William Hogarth's prints.

Freud (in his “Why War?” letter to Einstein) mentions Lichtenberg's invention of a “Compass of Motives” in a discussion on the combination of human compounded motives and quotes him as saying, “The motives that lead us to do anything might be arranged like the thirty-two winds and might be given names on the same pattern: for instance, ‘food-food-fame’ or ‘fame-fame-food’.”

I just made the picture above for a joke.

 

About 4 years ago  my Aunt sent me to Bruno, in Czechoslovakia to find something about  out family  but I only found one pc of paper  but it was significant because  our family blood line was dated back to the  15th century before I went and this document proves that our family goes back to the 14 century, but without the hard work  of the Family Library custodian, we would not have a family library. 

 

                                                           Picture of Agi and Adri


Ludwig II von Lichtenberg, + 1271.

Johann I von Lichtenberg, Lord, + 1315, Md. 1295, Adelfeid von Werdenberg, + 1343, d. of Hugo I von

Below, is the kind of clothes they wore in those days  in the 12th century

 Montfort, Count of Werdenberg


(need to find out What happened here)

 

 

In a further certificate purchased in 1272 the town Georgenthal a Arnstädter
One by the mill owners to Siegelsbach situated vineyard.
How extensive must have been the vineyards in and around Arnstadt, tells us that of Dr.
CA Burkhardt edited "document the city of Arnstadt. It will be in a document
14th Century no less than 44 vineyards and fields mentioned. From a

The exact date of his birth is not known, not even the exact year, because in the Middle Ages a person's death date was considered far more important than their birth date, since a memorial mass would be celebrated on the death date.

He was the second son of Ulrich IV of Hanau (born: between 1330 and 1340; died: in September or October 1380) and Countess Elizabeth of Wertheim (1347–1378 ). In the ruling family of Hanau, an explicit primogeniture statue of 1375 stipulated that only the eldest son could inherit the Lordship and even that only he could marry. Reinhard II as second son of Ulrich IV as was destined for a clerical career. He received a suitable education for such a career; in 1387 he was studying at the University of Bologna. In 1390, one of the sons of Ulrich IV, possibly Reinhard II, was enrolled as a student at the university of Heidelberg. The entry in the register does not mention a name, it merely states de Hanaw domicellus.[1][2] Reinhard abandoned his spiritual career in 1391, and closed a contract with his elder brother Ulrich V, which guaranteed him an annual income. The background was probably that Ulrich V's marriage was still childless and they wanted to preserve the possibility that Reinhard might succeed Ulrich V. The contract awarded Reinhard an annual sum of 400 florins and a share in the districts Partenstein,Rieneck, Bieber and Haßlau. This was the first generation in the history of the Hanau family where the younger sons did not join the clergy. In 1398, the contract was renewed, and Ulrich and Reinhard's younger brother John of Hanau was also awarded a persion, after a dispute with John had led to actual fighting.


other document showing that in
1387 the Lord Lichtenberg and the other lords of Arnstadt including

 the  tried,
to transform the city and surrounding area in a single vineyard.
In 1496 the vineyards located in Arnstadt and field were the following
Men Spent:
.. Hans von Lichtenberg = 14 acres vineyard and a field outside
the Erfurt Goal
.. Iring of Witzleben = 8 acres Weingarten
.. Hot and Kurt von Rottleben = 4 acres of wine wax
.. Friedrich, Klaus, and Kurt von Witzleben = 3 acres Weingarten
.. Heinrich Acker wine from the court = 1 wax
In addition a large number of vineyards were in the size of a half acre, the scattered
were in the large estates and most property wealthy citizens Arnstädter\

 

Reihard's grave stone in the St. Mary's Church in Hanau
Spouse(s) Catherine of Nassau-Beilstein
Noble family House of Hanau
Father Ulrich IV, Lord of Hanau
Mother Elizabeth of Wertheim
Born c. 1369
Died 26 June 1451
Hanau

 

  • Name: Count Reinhard II of Hanau
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1370
  • Death: 26 JUN 1451 in Hanau

     
     


    Father: Count Ulrich IV of Hanau b: 1335
    Mother:
    Princess Elisabeth of Wertheim b: 1343

    Marriage 1 Princess Katharina of Nassau-Beilstein b: 1370

    Children

    1. Has No Children Count August of Hanau b: 1399
    2. Has No Children Princess Katharina of Hanau b: 21 JAN 1407/08
    3. Has No Children Princess Anna of Hanau b: 15 JUN 1409
    4. Has No Children Princess Margareta of Hanau b: 1411
    5. Has Children Count Reinhard III of Hanau-Münzenberg b: 22 APR 1412
    6. Has Children Princess Elisabeth of Hanau b: 1416
    7. Has Children Count Philipp I of Hanau-Babenhausen b: 8 MAY 1417
  •  

     

  • Name: Count Philipp I of Hanau-Babenhausen
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 8 MAY 1417
  • Death: 10 MAY 1480 in Langweiler

     
     

     



    Father: Count Reinhard II of Hanau b: 1370
    Mother: Princess Katharina of Nassau-Beilstein b: 1370
         
  •  

    1462 Wedding

     

  • Name: Count Philipp II of Hanau-Babenhausen
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 31 MAY 1462
  • Death: 22 AUG 1505

     
     


    Father: Count Philipp I of Hanau-Babenhausen b: 8 MAY 1417
  • Mother: Princess Anna of Lichtenberg b: 25 OCT 1442

     

     

      Johann Reinhard III,

    Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg

     

  • Philipp II, Graf von Hanau-Lichtenberg, Herr zu Babenhausen, Buchweiler, & Neuweiler1,2

    After the death of his father raised his younger brother Louis claims to the rule. The primogeniture was indeed in the Hanauer family statutes since the 14th Anchored century, the general law of succession , but spoke for a country subdivision. Through the mediation of Count Philipp I of Hanau-Münzenberg it came within a short time reached a settlement and Louis renounced his claim. Shortly thereafter, he went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and died here in 1484 on the return journey.

    Philip II ruled at first in close imitation of the Palatinate , the lord of parts of the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg was. Philip II supported Elector Philip of the Palatinate, at the siege of the castle Hohengeroldseck .

     

    1484

     

    Cooperation, but also was armed with the intermarried home Zweibrücken-Bitsch , since a significant portion of the rule Lichtenberg was at first ruled jointly. It was not until 1487 there was a confrontation between two of the Lichtenberger heritage. 

     

    There was a split between Lichtenberg and Lichtenberger.  Also  another Lichtenberg  Married into the Graf family

     

    graf

     

     

     

     

     

    1644

    File:Retrato ecuestre de Isabel de Borbón, by Diego Velázquez.jpg

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabeth_of_France_(1602-1644)

    i AM LOOKING INTO THIS ONE

    1526 1564  BOHEMIA AUSTRIA EMPIRE Silver PFENNIG (WEISSPFENNIG) Coin Dietiker 5

     

    • 1526 1564 BOHEMIA AUSTRIA EMPIRE S
    • A nice quality undated silver pfennig or weisspfennig coin from Bohemia while part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Catalog: Dietiker 5. Minted for Ferdinand I, Emperor between 1526 and 1564.
    • ilver PFENNIG (WEISSPFENNIG) Coin Dietiker 5

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    1696-08-02 - Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman (Turkey) (1730-54)/fought Austria & Russia
    1699-12-08 - Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)
    1701-10-22 - Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1756)
    1705-09-24 - Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1766)
    1705-10-23 - Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
    1711-01-01 - Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
    1711-02-02 - Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
    1714-07-02 - Christoph W Ritter von Gluck, Austria composer (Il re pastore)
    1715-01-29 - Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian (court) composer/pianist
    1717-02-02 - Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
    1717-05-13 - Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria (Wife of emperor Franz I)
    1722-10-02 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
    1722-11-19 - Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
    1724-05-07 - Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Austrian general (d. 1797)
    1725-10-21 - Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (d. 1801)
    1726-04-20 - Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer
    1727-02-16 - Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
    1728-01-02 - Louis Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian count/diplomat in Belgium
    1729-09-27 - Michael Denis, Austrian poet, bibliographer and lepidopterist (d. 1800)
    1732-03-31 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Vienna Austria, prominent composer of the classical period (The Creation/Die Schopfung)
    1733-10-14 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
    1734-05-23 - Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
    1736-02-03 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austria organist/composer
    1737-12-26 - Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815)
    1738-10-06 - Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
    1740-03-19 - Joseph F Weigl, German/Austrian(?), violin cellist
    1741-03-13 - Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90) (d. 1790)
    1746-02-26 - Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
    1749-01-12 - Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat
    1751-07-30 - Maria A [Nannerl] Mozart, Austrian pianist/Wolfgang's sister
    1751-12-26 - Clement Hofbauer, Austrian missionary and saint (d. 1820)
    1752-08-13 - Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)
    1754-06-04 - Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian editor and astronomer (d. 1832)
    1756-01-27 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austria, musical prodigy/composer (Figaro), (d. 1791)
    1756-08-29 - Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman (d. 1845)
    1757-06-01 - Ignaz J Pleyel, Austria composer/piano builder (Piano method)
    1757-10-26 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
    1764-02-08 - Joseph Leopold von Eybler, Austrian composer
    1766-03-28 - Joseph Weigl, Austria composer/conductor (Emmeline)

    Famous Weddings

    Weddings 1 - 8 of 8

    1490-12-14 - Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria
    1515-07-22 - Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria
    1599-04-18 - Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain
    1810-02-11 - French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria
    1854-04-24 - Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi"
    1911-11-04 - Charles I of Austria marries Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma
    1984-09-22 - Brussels Princess Astrid marries Archduke Lorenz of Austrian-Este at Church of Our Lady of "De Zavel
    2005-10-22 - Austria's finance minister Karl-Heinz Grasser (36) weds Fiona Swarovski in Weissenkirchen, Austria

    Famous Deaths

    0404-10-06 - Eudoxia Aelia, empress of Austria, dies
    0450-07-28 - Theodosius II de Jongere, emperor Austrian Empire, dies
    0899-12-08 - Arnulf of Carinthia, last emperor of Austria-France, dies
    1018-06-23 - Henry I of Austria
    1055-05-26 - Margrave Adalbert of Austria
    1075-06-10 - Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
    1095-10-12 - Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
    1136-11-15 - Margrave Leopold III of Austria (b. 1073)
    1141-10-18 - Margrave Leopold IV of Austria
    1177-01-13 - Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg, Duke of Austria, dies. (b. 1107)
    1194-12-31 - Duke Leopold V of Austria (killed at a tournament) (b. 1157)
    1198-04-16 - Duke Frederick I of Austria
    1230-07-28 - Duke Leopold VI of Austria (b. 1176)
    1246-06-15 - Frederik II "the Strijdbare", duke of Austria, dies in battle at 25
    1290-05-10 - Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)
    1307-07-04 - Rudolf III, Duke of Austria/King of Bohemia dies
    1326-02-28 - Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
    1330-01-13 - Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)
    1339-02-17 - Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
    1358-08-16 - Duke Albert II of Austria (b. 1298)
    1365-07-27 - Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (b. 1339)
    1386-07-09 - Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
    1395-08-29 - Duke Albert III of Austria (b. 1349)
    1404-09-14 - Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
    1406-07-15 - Duke William of Austria (b. c.1370)
    1411-06-03 - Duke Leopold IV of Austria (b. 1371)
    1424-06-10 - Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
    1429-09-28 - Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
    1439-06-24 - Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
    1445-08-08 - Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian composer
    1463-12-02 - Archduke Albert VI of Austria (b. 1418)
    1464-01-08 - Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
    1480-11-20 - Eleonora van Austrian, translator, dies
    1496-03-04 - Sigismund of Austria (b. 1427)
    1528-02-14 - Edzard I the Great, count of Austria-E Frisia (1494-1528), dies at 66
    1530-12-01 - Margaretha of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
    1535-03-26 - Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
    1558-02-25 - Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
    1566-03-28 - Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, dies at 79
    1578-10-01 - Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31
    1586-01-18 - Margaret of Austria, regent of The Netherlands (b. 1522)
    1590-07-10 - Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
    1591-07-18 - Jakob Handl, [Petelin], Austrian composer/bandmaster, dies at 40
    1595-01-24 - Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)
    1595-02-12 - Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
    1595-02-20 - Ernst, archduke of Austria, dies at 41
    1600-11-12 - Andreas of Austrian, Land Guardian of Neth (1598-1600), dies at 42
    1618-11-02 - Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)
    1621-07-13 - Albrecht/Albertus, archduke of Austria, dies at 61
    1626-07-05 - Stephan Fadinger, Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
    1630-09-18 - Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (b. 1552)
    1632-05-25 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)
    1633-12-01 - Isabella of Austria, infante of Spain/governess in Holland, dies at 67
    1634-06-22 - Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
    1641-11-09 - Ferdinand, of Austria, cardinal of Spain, dies at 32
    1641-11-11 - Ferdinand van Austrian, cardinal of Spain, dies
    1644-03-24 - Cecilia Renata, arch duchess of Austria, dies
    1647-04-25 - Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo/duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
    1656-08-11 - Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
    1662-11-20 - Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
    1662-12-30 - Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria (b. 1628)
    1665-06-25 - Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)
    1665-09-25 - Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
    1666-01-20 - Anna of Austria, queen of France/daughter of Philip III, dies at 64
    1679-09-17 - Juan Jose of Austrian, Spanish general/govenor of Netherlands, dies at 50
    1680-10-16 - Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian general (b. 1608 or 1609)
    1685-10-12 - Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
    1690-04-18 - Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lotharingen/Austrian fieldmarshal, dies
    1701-01-04 - Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austria, field marshal, dies at 62
    1704-05-03 - Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, Austrian violist/composer, dies at 59
    1723-04-05 - J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
    1736-04-24 - Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
    1737-03-07 - Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl/fieldmarshal, dies at 79
    1741-02-13 - Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer/music theorist, dies at about 80
    1741-07-30 - Wierich PL count von Daun, gov-gen of Austria & Netherlands, dies
    1744-01-26 - Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
    1748-02-18 - Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)
    1749-10-04 - Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
    1757-05-06 - Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
    1760-05-09 - Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, Austrian born German religious and social reformer, dies at 59
    1766-02-05 - Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
    1769-12-30 - Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)
    1776-06-10 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
    1777-03-01 - Georg Christoph Wagenzeil, Austria (court) composer/pianist, dies at 62
    1780-11-29 - Maria Theresia Hapsburg, Queen of Austria, dies at 63
    1787-05-28 - Johann Georg Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer, dies at 67
    1790-07-14 - Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
    1791-02-16 - Richard earl d'Alton, Austria general of S Neth, commits suicide at 58
    1791-07-17 - Martin Dobrizhoffer, Austrian Jesuit missionary (b. 1717)
    1791-12-05 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer, dies in Vienna Austria at 35
    1794-06-27 - Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
    1797-08-22 - Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Alsatian-born Austrian general (b. 1724)
    1798-07-21 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (b. 1733)
    1799-10-24 - Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
    1800-09-29 - Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
    1801-05-15 - Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
    1801-11-24 - Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
    1809-03-07 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer, dies at 73
    1809-05-31 - Franz Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (Jahreszeiten), dies at 77
    1810-09-09 - Johann Baptiste Hagenauer, Austrian sculptor, dies at 78



     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    http://www.findagrave.com/php/famous.php?page=ctf&previousJumpTo=0&previousFameFilter=&FSctf=186&jumpTo=32&fameLevel=somewhat

     

     

     


     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Together went Count Philipp II and Count Simon IV alarm of Zweibrücken-Bitsch against themistress of her late father, Jakob Lichtenberg , 

     

    Bärbel of Ottensheim ago: After the death of Jacob von Lichtenberg 1480 she was accused of witchcraft in the town ofHagenau incarcerated. 

     

    The two used to the city council for a death sentence . Presumably it was to go to the fortune of the Barbel Ottensheim. Another possibility is that the tense situation in order in advance of the peasants' war should be brought a "scapegoat" to the subjects, as the mistress had had far-reaching influence on the government and was said to be hated by the people. 

     

    Before it came to a verdict, Bärbel died in prison - the cause remained unclear.

     

     

    Jakob von Lichtenberg

     

     

    litchenberg

     

    1230

    Wappen der Herren von Lichtenberg

     

     

     

    Burg Lichtenberg nach einem Stich von Merian

     

    Herren von Lichtenberg

     

     

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herrschaft_Lichtenberg

     

     

     

    Wappen-episkopat-strassburg.jpg

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    With Kurmainz there was a lengthy discussion regarding the Mainz fief, which was finally settled to the effect that Philip II, the city Klingenberg ceded to Mainz, but half ofBrumath received as a fief.

    He participated in various diets, the main point of the danger of a Turkish invasion in Central Europe.

    In Landshut war of succession between 1503-1505 of the Palatinate and Bavaria remained neutral Philip, but his son and designated successor, Philip III. of Hanau-Lichtenberg, who was involved on the part of the Palatinate. Landgraf Wilhelm of Hesse by the German king Maximilian I. with the execution of the imperial ban against thebreakers of the peace commissioned classified Palatinate and its allies. The rural area of the Office Babenhausen was already destroyed, before it succeeded Philip II, with the help of Maximilian I, and the fact that Babenhausen as a Bohemian fief belonged to the Habsburgs indirectly, halting the campaign against their own possessions. The fact that his son was fighting on the "wrong" side expecting him not to Maximilian. Philip Babenhausen residence was spared so at least. She received in 1503 by Maximilian I. the privilege to be allowed to hold an annual fair - the Nicholas Market.

     

    M, b. 31 May 1462, d. 22 August 1504
    Drawing by Karl Gruber of the grave monument of Count Philip Louis I of Hanau-Münzenberg, that was destroyed during World War II
    Spouse(s) Countess Magdalena of Waldeck
    Noble family House of Hanau
    Father Philip III, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
    Mother Countess Palatine Helena of Simmern
    Born 21 November 1533
    Died 4 February 1580 (aged 46)
    Burial St. Mary's Church in Hanau

     

    All the way back to the 14th century

    Den ganzen Weg zurück bis ins 14. Jahrhundert
     
    Egész úton vissza a 14. században

    Some of the clothing they wore

    Einige der Kleidung trugen sie

    Néhány ruhát hordtak

     

    They were mostly cardinals and there was a bishop  around 1411 in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.

     

     

     

    1573 Jorge  Christoph (pronouced christoff)   Platl

    Christopher Platl. Jaime Reis. Juan Rial. David Ringrose. Felipe Ruiz Martín ...... Parece que, de 1562 a 1573, Torregrosa no estuvo ocupado al servicio

    There is some reference that one of the Princes of Hanabau married A PRINCE Phillip of Spain   in 1573 to 1574

    But I loose the trail after that.  When I  went to Spain in 2011, I  could not pick up the trail  so she she marry him or not, it is not clear.  And If anyone has information about this, please email me at

    iam@LesTheHandyman.com

    Below are some period coins of the time.

     

     
    1645

     

     
     
     

    1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650

     

    Our famn=milyu crest changed  when a princess of Babenhoausen married a Spanish prince but  then why was their castle  in Bohemiua?  I went to this castle  and here is what the new crest looks like

     

     

     

    political events that occurred in ENGLAND around the same time in History as our family was  around in Europe.  OUR FAMILY WAS NOT IN ENGLAND AND DID NOT MARRY INTO ENGLISH ROYALTY SO AS FAR AS I KNOW.

    William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, is beheaded at London January 10 at age 71, having been tried by the House of Commons and found guilty of high treason. Puritan William Prynne has led the attack against the diminutive and small-minded prelate, who has been held prisoner in the Tower of London since 1641.

    James Graham, marquis of Montrose, takes the marquis of Argyll by surprise at Inverlochy north of Fort William February 2 and routs his 3,000-man army (see 1644). Montrose has only 1,500 men, but they leave about 1,700 enemy killed or wounded and proceed to lay waste Moray and Aberdeenshire, elude an army led by William Bailie of Letham at Brechin, capture and pillage Dundee, escape into the Grampian hills, defeat one of Bailie's lieutenants at Auldearn near Nairn, and rout Bailie himself at Altford.

    Sir Thomas Fairfax, now 33, is appointed commander in chief of a New Model Army in February and works to organize and train an effective fighting force as England's Civil War continues. Oliver Cromwell has taken steps to create a Parliamentary army whose commanding officers owe their appointments to abillty rather than social standing, he has outfitted them with red uniforms (red is the cheapest dye available), and by spring these first "redcoats" have polished their skills in weapon handling.

    A Self-Denying Ordinance passed by the House of Lords in April discharges members of Parliament from any obligation to hold civil or military commands. William Fiennes, 1st viscount Saye and Sele, has been chiefly responsible for the measure's passage. Charles I sends his son and namesake to the west country, whence the youth escapes to France and rejoins his mother.

    Parliamentary army lieutenant colonel John Lilburne resigns his commission in April rather than subscribe to the Solemn League and Covenant with Scotland, which commits Parliament to reform the Church of England along Presbyterian lines (see religion, 1640). Commissioned a captain in Cromwell's army when hostilities began 3 years ago, Lilburne was taken prisoner at Brentford in November 1642, nearly tried for treason, but exchanged for a Royalist prisoner. He criticizes Parliament and its army for not supporting the radical demands of the Leveller movement—transfer of sovereignty to the House of Commons, suffrage for all men whether or not they own property, complete equality before the law, decentralization of government to local communities, a redistribution of parliamentary seats, annual or biennial parliamentary sessions to give ordinary citizens representation, an end to conscription and impressment, reopening of enclosed land, and the like. Arrested and sent once again to prison, Lilburne will remain under confinement with few interruptions until August 1647 (see 1647).

     

    Prince Rupert captures Leicester in May, but the Battle of Naseby in Northamptonshire June 14 ends in a decisive defeat of Charles I's English Cavaliers at the hands of Oliver Cromwell's Roundheads in a triumph for the English middle class and merchants, who are supported by many of the country's great noblemen in the continuing Civil War. Prince Rupert's 4,000 infantrymen and 5,000 cavalry are outnumbered by the Parliamentarians, whose New Model Army consists of 7,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry. Some 6,000 of Charles's men are killed, wounded, or taken prisoner; the Roundheads suffer fewer than 1,000 casualties and capture all 13 Cavalier guns.

     

    Sir Thomas Fairfax marches his New Model Army to the southwest and defeats the only remaining Royalist army in July at Langport, Somerset.

    The marquis of Montrose marches south in July with 2,000 men, having augmented his numbers. Bailie and the marquis of Argyll follow but are defeated at Kilsyth August 15 and suffer terrible losses (their entire 6,000-man force is killed, wounded, or captured). Montrose's clansmen slip away home with their booty, however, and when Montrose enters the border country with 500 cavalry and 1,000 infantry he is taken by surprise in a dawn attack at Philiphaugh, near Selkirk, September 13 by 6,000 Covenanter troops, mostly cavalry, under the command of General David Leslie, 44, who cut Montrose's Royalist army to pieces (see 1646).

    Prince Rupert surrenders Bristol to the Parliamentarians in September and is dismissed from his command.

    Europe's Thirty Years' War nears its end. Swedish soldiers Lennart Torstensson, 42, and Count Hans Christoph Königsmark repulse an imperial army under General Matthias Gallas, now 61, in January and block efforts by the army to relieve the hard-pressed Danes. They pursue the enemy into Germany, and virtually annihilate Gallas's army at Magdeburg. Torstensson gains a victory over the imperialists at Jankau in Bohemia in March, conquers Moravia with support from the

     Transylvanian prince George Rákoczi, and advances on Vienna. Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, 33, is defeated in Franconia but raises a French and Hessian army that invades Bavaria and defeats the Bavarians in the (second) Battle of Nördlingen (Allerheim) August 3. Commanded by the duc d'Enghien, now 24, the French and Hessians have 6,000 infantry, 11,000 cavalry, and 11 guns; the

     

     

    Imperialist/Bavarian army commanded by Field Marshal Baron Franz von Mercy has 5,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry, and 23 guns; the duc d'Enghien prevails, but he loses 4,000 killed and wounded. Von Mercy is killed, 5,000 of his men are killed or wounded, and 15 of his guns are captured. Plague breaks out in the Swedish army of Count Torstensson as he lays siege to Brunn and he returns to Bohemia.

    The Russian czar Mikhail I Romanov dies at Moscow July 12 at age 49, having founded the dynasty that will continue until 1917; he is succeeded by his son, 16, who will reign until 1676 as Aleksei Mikhailovich.

    Czech Nationalism and Nationhood

    The 19th cent. brought a rebirth of Czech nationalism. Under the leadership of Palacký a Slavic congress assembled at Prague in the Revolution of 1848, but by 1849, although the Czech peasantry had been emancipated, absolute Austrian domination had been forcibly restored.

     

    I lost my family here I think Will hjave to look into what happened  until 1646  when Hans Petle Von Lichenburg became the archbishop of Bruno and he was is a direct link to our family.

     

    The establishment (1867) of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy thoroughly disappointed the Czech aspirations for wide political autonomy within a federalized Austria. Instead, the Czech lands were relegated to a mere province of the empire. Concessions were made (1879) by the Austrian minister Taaffe; Czechs entered the imperial bureaucracy and parliament at Vienna. However, many Czechs continued to advocate complete separation from the Hapsburg empire.

    Full independence was reached only at the end of World War I under the guidance of T. G. Masaryk. In 1918, Bohemia became the core of the new state of Czechoslovakia. After the Munich Pact of 1938, Czechoslovakia was stripped of the so-called Sudeten area, which was annexed to Germany. In 1939, Bohemia was invaded by German troops and proclaimed part of the German protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

    After World War II the pre-1938 boundaries were restored, and most of the German-speaking population was expelled. In 1948, Bohemia's status as a province was abolished, and it was divided into nine administrative regions. The administrative reorganization of 1960 redivided it into five regions and the city of Prague. In 1969, Bohemia, along with Moravia and Czech Silesia, was incorporated into the Czech Socialist Republic, renamed the Czech Republic in 1990. The Czech Republic became an independent state when Czechoslovakia was dissolved on Jan. 1, 1993

                                                          

                Achim Platl

     2011

     

    1637

    1646 Hans Platl Von Lichtenberg  is family

    was the Archbishop of the Brunn (New Spelling Bruno)

    We are directly related to him though the Platl Family which is our family.

    Thank God our name wasn't Smith or Schmitt.

     

    One of my relatives was the bishop of Brunu but  that is where the familyu line spits  into two parts 

     

    welcome to my world

    You need to know the person you are interested in

    Where he came from

    What he really is.

    You don't really know  much  and if you want to cling onto someone because you have a few common interests that is ok. But the truth is it would be better to know a lot about each other and then if there is chemistry

    Below is a pictures of my fathers family in the Old country. The Family has been the family of over 600 years.  Our lineage can be traced back to the Crusades.

    If you are here because you are learning about who I am am, then please provide be with some information about you. Where you came from, where you think you are going because all of that is quite interesting to me.  As you go through  this site you will see many interesting things, as I am writing a book about my family from the time they were hiding Jews during WWII and save some 700 families from the axe to You know the movie Schindlers list my Grand fathers List was 20 times longer as he owned  factories and vineyards and all kinds of things. He had people sitting around making up professions and then convincing the Germans not to take them away.     Loosing all their wealth  after the war. Coming to Canada with nothing and starting again.  By the time my grand father came to Canada after loosing every thing twice, Once to the Germans and then again to the Russians, He came he at 66 at $5.00 in his pocket. And when he died at 88, he was a multi-millionaire all over again.  *"Making millions is easy, holding on to them is quite another" * And the rest,  as we say is History.  

    1411

    Now the subic and other stuff to sort  and put in some kind of oderder wjem I have time

     

    jlkjl

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1860

     

     

    1904

    In 1688 Platl  Came to Hungary and there was no such letter will 2 dots above the "a" so they changed the name to Pletl  for the new Hungarian Country

    Pletl Married Rak

    BREAK WITH TRADITION - ROYALTY MARRIES NON-ROYALTY

    Later Rak married Bubik    1805 I think?

    We are working on this  now

    1918

     

      1717 Married into the Bubik 

    (it is an amazing Library of facts which my aunt runs for the family)

    it is kind o cool to see your family coat or carved carved into stone in some churches in Europe

    1926 PICTURE BELOW BUBIK  FAMILY PORTRAIT WITH MY GRAND MOTHER  "PRINCESS"  PLETL WHERE HER LAST NAME WAS CHANGED TO   THIS BECAUSE  IN UNGARY , IT COULD NOT BE SPELLED THE OLD WAY.

    MOST OF THE CHILDREN  IN THIS PORTRAIT LIVE TODAY 2017

    More pictures to tell me about dad

    My grandparents, my dad and  my other aunts and uncle

    My Grand Parents Vineyard below

    After loosing everything twice.  Once to The Germans during the  2nd WW  and then again to the Russians.  My grandfather came to Canada A broken man with $5.00 in his pocket  at 65 and when he died at 80, he was a multi-millionaire all over again.  Amazing  And a very hard working and industrious family.

     

     

    My mom in 1940

    second from the left and bottom row

    My dad was already interested and during the war when the Germans were taking them away.  My Grandfathers family  The Bubiks  helped my moms family and his them in one of their  houses.  Then another family  showed up and then another and another until , they were hiding them in barns and other properties   My Grand Father saved 760  people from the chopping block  and  Schindlers list was nothing compared to  my Grandfathers list.  I was told that they sat around for hours making  up titles for jobs.  You see the Germans gave free laborers to the Factory owners t make their bullets and tanks.  My grand father  had a few of them   so he was able to same many and because he owned farms and vineyards.  He was able  to feed everyone of them.  I was told when My grand father came to Canada he was a broken man with 5.00 in in pocket at 65  and when he died at 88, he was a multi millionaire again.  Simply  amazing.


    My Grand fathers  brother was the Director of the Berlin Opera house during the second world war and was also involved with the smuggling  of those , who were involved in Hitler's ASSASSINATION attempt. out of the Country.  Bringing them to Argentina.  Why Argentina, I am not sure but  His Name was Arpad  Bubik   and  He was also the director  of a theater in Argentina but it  was never as successful as it  was for him in Berlin.  He was a Hungarian Patriot when Hungary was free.


    One of My Uncles was the find guide.  He took 42 Jews across the Hungarian/Austrian border.   He only talked about the war when he dot really drunk  like at weddings. I always listened to the stories.  He told me  that it would have been better if he stepped on a mine and when I asked why?  He said because  He did not know where the mines where.  WOW . 

    When I was a kid some Hebrew foundation called my house, I was living at 421 Roselawn Avenue in those days.  416 481-4344 and wanted to give an award to my fathers family  for there efforts in the war helping Jews and getting them to safe places


    I accepted the award  and told my dad who was furious. And told me he is not interested in any award.  Later I found out why.  Myfather eventually told me he  does nt want to relive any of it.  My Grand father hid the Jew under  the noses of the Germans. In plain site.

    My family did some pretty dangerous things like take the bombs out of planes that were shot down, they were stripped down and sent to the "underground " to be used against the Germans.  WOW  my dad was nuts.  In those days where were no cell phones when when you went from one place to another  with a gas ration on, they walked and tool their  bicycles.  My one uncle  Imre Bubik. was caught by the Germans and torched so much he went crazy, but he never gave the locations f the save  houses.  He remained crazy till the end of his life, just a few short years ago My mother is also gone

    My Family paid a very heavy price for what they did to help the Jews and it never would have started  if my dad hadn't met my mom.

    This is where the mistake occurred. Because Gas was being rationed , no one had gas for  their vehicles But the Bubik family always had gas. Even towards the end of the war, even the Germans has to ration their gas, because there was not enough to go around,  But  by this time  The Bubik had lots because my dad was pumping the gas out of the planes  that crashed on their lands.  The Germans weren't stupid, they just followed  the trail and eventually busted them all.

    Hiding a Jew was worse than being one, in those days  and I never met my grand mothers and tons of relatives because many were rounded up and shot and they were the lucky ones.  The rest were sent to processing  and labour camps.  My dad was able to escape capture only to be captured by the Russians at the end of the war.  WOW ..  he and my dad found an old spoon and   and the ground was frozen  but they both managed to escape by using the spoor to dig under the fence. If  the Russians has dogs,  they would not have been able  to escape.    My Dad, almost starving to get back to  his land only to find that the Russians were occupying it. 


    My Grand Father lost every thing to the Germans and then the Germans where blowing  things up on their retreat including my Grandfathers factories.   The my fathers family went into the factories to salvage what they could  and were hiding machinery in barns and other places because the Russians were  taking the machines away.  What a story  but all true.  Because everyone lost touch with everyone else after the ware many thought the others has perished.  And that is why my dad did not want to accept the award.  But I will go to Israel to accept it  because  the woman my dad has the "hots" for  and who they got out of the country. One of them was my mother to be.  Her name was Veronica, but everyone called her Vera. 

    She met my dad in Paris after the war and then went to Brazil together where they  met My moms sister.  Edith.  Edith married , John Gati (a holocaust survivor)  in New York. He was A film animator and she was  a head designer  for Givenchy.  When I was a kid I met Mr. Givenchy a fes times Mr. Gucci and all the famous designers, most of whom  where Jewish.   Both are gone not and  They have been survived my their two sons Paul and William   or Bill. 

    Paul Was a great violinist  and William was a great Pianist. I remember as a kid when they both were in Julliard and   has sold out concerts at Carnegie Hall, there in New York.

    There is more  but  I am still filling in the pieces.  You see...no one wants t talk about the war.  Especially those who gave great sacrifices to it.





    my dad was never really in the war.

    My dad had a few Motorcycles.  They were one of his hobbies


    My fathers glider when he was 18 - I had no idea they had such modern things in those days.  I mean look at that thing.  That picture was taken  almost 60 years ago


    My dad  also had a truck and He and his bother would take the plane apart, put it in the truck, drive it to the top  of some really big hill or mountain  on their property, reassemble it, and launch it off some cliff.  OR---------    THEY COULD PULL THE PLANE BEHIND THE TRUCK a with a very long  cable AND LAUNCH IT INTO THE AIR.


     When I was a kid he used to take me gliding. Just outside of Toronto  I eventually  got my  STUDENT license.  iN  THAT CASE i WAS PULLED INTO THE AIR BY ANOTHER PLANE.  IT WAS COOL BUT IT WAS NOT MY THING.


    Pictures of my dad in the old days,  before he met my mom




    My fathers hunting hawk

     

      I don't understand the attraction, of a Hunting Hawk,  personally.

    But they didn't have internet in those days.  They had to fill of those days with other things.

    My dad having a rest.

     

     

    A machine my dad designed  which was part of a conveyer system for my grand fathers factory.

     

     

     

    Here was a picture of him when he realized he would have to leave it all behind. In the old country.

    Just after the war.  They met in Paris  and my moms sister was already making her own clothes

    This was the first Family they hid from the Germans During WWII.  

    In those days there were  Edith on the left and  Vera (Short for Veronica on the right)

    My mom with an old boyfriend

     

    Here with another one. She was a model  for Vogue in those days  and she was being perused by  many

     

    My dad was a popular guy with the Ladies too  below

     

     

     

     

    This house in the country - one of the weekend homes

    Was this where the glider was DAD?  The House staff were standing out in front.

     

     

    Below a picture of my mother before I was born

    in St. Paulo in Brazil.

    Here is my mother below before I was born

    She died  in  Oct. 12  2005   I will always miss her.

    my mom  I don't know how old she was here

     

     

     

     

     

    Then I was born in December 17 1957.

    And then

    My life started

     

    =========================================================================

     

     

    Les wants to become Less 2007-2008

     

    2008

    You see, we live in a very inefficient world. We've been doing this for the last few hundred years. And though there has been a lot of improvement in technology, Bristol very backwards. Canada is the worst. But it doesn't have to be this way.

     

    People heat and cool their whole house even though they're not in the rooms that are being heated or cooled. Why? It is a complete waste.

     

    There are systems out there that you can buy that automatically adjust to the flus and defense in your house, so that it only heats and cools the areas of the house picture in. But most people can't afford a system like that. A cheap $65,000

     

    Of the most important thing, it to have a good temperature where you're working, and when you're sleeping, or doing other things.

    So I designed a bed, because we spend about a third of our lives in it, to help me do most of the things that I would normally do when I am there.

    Including heating and cooling the area around it.

     

    This problem number one.  Then what about all the things you do in bed.  while there are the obvious things like sleeping or having sex,  and when some people eat in their beds, or work in their beds, sometimes they just sit on top of their beds and watch TV.

      What are things that you normally have beside your bed, light clock radio etc. etc..

    But they all pick up clutter on either side of your bed and take up more room.  But it doesn't have to be that way either.  I look at everything in life and see all the improvements I could make to it.  And that's good enough for me.  I have no intention of selling them more mass-producing them.  Unless someone wants to hire me to work in their company to create such things at the very next to do so.   but no one ever has.  so I plug away myself. 

     

    Every time you want to watch a movie,  usually have to get up from your bedgo find a movie, put it into your VCR or CD player, lay back in bed find the remotes.

     

    And I just think about this for a second.  How much time do you actually spend doing does each and every time.   can take Madame multiplied Other times you do it a year.   And you'll quickly realize, that you've just wasted perhaps 20 hours worth of time.   in some cases more than that.  now that's three days.  Three working days. Or three days on vacation. 

     

    When you're in your car, you have to go into your backseat to get the CDs?

    do after going to the trunk start your car which to be also on your bed.

    in my case movies are dispensed with automatically from a CD carousel.   all I do is type in the movie I wanted, either by title, or anything,  initials Miss lectured of movies in that group.   all I do is click on the one I want, and it spits out a, and that's the one I put in a CD reader which is right beside my bed, so that I don't have to get up.    In fact my movies or the boxes that hold the movies don't have to be anywhere near my bed, or anywhere near my living room.  Everything is in carousels.  And every time my friends come over, because it's so technologically advanced. 

     

    Cool eh?

     

     

     

    Toronto  2008

     

    Summer 2008

    with Les and Les and Kato

    Hungarian folk Art

     

     

    Not all men are the same

      

    My Name is Les and I used to Live in Toronto

    This is not a business.  It is just my personal web page.

    My life started

    Born Toronto Dec. 17 1957

    3:30 PM

    Later Became (title only) Prince Charles But not the one you are thinking of and to use one of my other middle names? Boring!!! So in 2010, I asked my family that my status be lowered to something I can have fun with.

    The outrage of my family  that I wanted to become a "Count." No one on the 800 year history as ever asked to be lowered in status. But now many  can see me as Count-Les's do you know? hahaheheehehe

    Because I love to joke around and it took me 5 years to be lowered down to a Count, I can offially say that I am one.

    Count-Les  hahaheheheh  Who cares anyway.  I have no castle and I am not King I do howver have a stong character and I do rule over my own domain

    myplacefinished

    Leslie Charles Paul Stephen, Richard, Arpad, Bubik III

    One day these are the thinks I would like to rule

     

    world

     

    But I like Leslie best because it was what my mother called me.

    Everything about me is true.  No lies here.  Not even little white ones.  I am a one of a kind man.  I learned at a very early age that if you are organized and you want something bad enough, you can accomplish almost anything.

     

    Well eventhough I exsisted here, I can't say that I started my adventure until I was at least 6 years old it was then when I started to remember everything and I still remeber almost every christmas I had.  Even the smells.

     

     

    That's my dad and me below

    I have no idea how old I was perhaps 1 or two

    OK I am told  1.5

     

     

    My mom and I.  She was always my best friend when I was a kid.

    My parents made it a point to travel  all over Europe.  So while other kids were water skiing at their cottages (though I did some of that too) , I would be seeing few things mainstream tourists would ever see and that is something. I will always appreciate.  Thanks Dad.  I lost my mom in 2005. I will miss her. She showed me how to appreciate a good shopping spree....Yes I love to shop. This is when I started remembering things about my childhood and decided to put it all down.  This will show you that I had an amazing childhood because on line anyone can say anything but how do you really know any of it is true. 

     

    The truth always comes out in time. 

     

    I was already a model at 5  (just kidding not true)

     

    When I got a "Tommy Gun" I had just opened this Christmas present.  I remember how much I loved that thing. 

    I have had women comment on this that they could never go out with me because I owned a gun.  I was 7 year old, give me a break!!!  It's no wonder that the whole world is so screwed up.

    Because I have a near photographic memory I remember  a lot more, like the smell of the tree and the smell of my moms perfume and stuff like that. 

     That is why I created this whole web site. For people to learn about the real me.

    Also with all the fraud in the internet and people saying that they are this and they are that.  I support everything I say with pictures right down to every machine I ever created including electric bicycles and cars.    I don't lie i BELEIVE IN THE THINGS MY FAMILY BELIVED IN 800 YEARS AGO

     

    HONOUR

    INTEGRITY

    HONESTY

    BUT THESE DAYS THEY ARE JUST WORDS ON A PAGE

     

    I think I was 10 here.  I was in Allenby Public school and I was a Cub Scout  at St. James Church in Toronto (NO LONGER THERE)

    Me when I was 5 in Germany as my dad was there on a 1 year contract.

    The sign says  Dog are not allowed into the park.

    My mom and I when I was 6

    My mom was an elegant women and I miss her

    this was in west  Berlin.  In those days there was an East Berlin

     

    i was 7 here

    school picture

    we had to wear uniforms and I had a thing for the girl on my left.

    My mother and I sitting at a coffee house  I think the Berlin opera is behind us but I got to find out for sure.  I was around 7. 

    I had no idea  that my Uncle used to be the director of that place during  the second world war  but he also had his own  entertainment company. mY PARENTS WERE TIGHT LIPPED ABOUT THIS STUFF. His name was Arpad Bubik and he was involved in one of the attempts on Hitler's life.  Arpad Bubik got the people out of the county using his entertainment network in  Argentina.

    Me when I was 9  in  the Swiss alps on the top of some mountain somewhere.

    I was 10 here

    While in Germany  I met a really nice girl.  I still remember her.  She really liked me and I was really shy.

     

    I can't recall her name but it was something like  Wepke  but it was  40 years ago.

    All I remember is she made me pretty nervous.

    11  or 12  years old and  dropped off at a camp in Hungary with the rest of my fellow foreigners stretching from Australia to the U.S.

    I was 13 here and it was my first job babysitting.  I made $5.00  I was really happy.

    i was 15 here

    I was 14 here can you pick me out of the picture above?  I've lots of stories to tell about my adventures and  mostly from this escaping.  The things we did when we escaped. We escaped so many times because we weren't  allowed out and we wanted t see the sites. 

    Eventually we were given extra privileges because we used our mass numbers and the fact that our parents were paying a lot of money for us to be there.  Then we wanted our individuality. 

    !969 - summer Camp 1

    !970 camp 2 even stricter I thin they knew we were coming haaheeheeh

     

     

    At 15 I watched a show on TV on how Igloos were build and after the show I made my own. My parents were always astonished.  But they found out later that I had a near photographic memory. I was being tested at this time while I was attending High School  called De la Salle College Oaklands run by the Christian Brothers.

    It was easy and still is. I build lots of other things out of snow.  I don't even see people building forts  or snow men and women but I was doing it since age 8.  What is wrong with everyone in  this city?  How unimaginative  they really are. (that is when I was living in Toronto)

    I remember I built this one when I was 7

    My hands were freeeeezing.   All it was, was pilled up snow packed down and I gut a hole into it. 

     

    Around 7 or 8  the "TWINS" as we called them

    where my best friends for many years

    I actually saw one of them about a year ago and I went up to her and said "hi.:" But she looked at me like I was on something, and I didn't press the issue.  I know many people cannot remember like me.  I am starting to forget things too so I decided to put it all here.  They are great memories and I had a great life.  I really feel for many people who have not even been out of Toronto.

    13 or 14 and off to Europe again

    This was the 2nd year I was at a Hungarian camp for the summer at Lake Balaton

    Playing at the Summit tennis club, the people were too boring and snobby there for me, so I went on to find another hobby.

    I was 14 hear with my mom at lake Balaton in Hungary - see Tihany in the background

    15 and off to Europe again

    went to Rovine then in Yugoslavia  now  Croatia I think.

    Amazing hotel on the top of the  Hill.   I could never afford to stay there today.

    My mom haggling at the Market in Rovine.  Canadians need to see what it is like to go to a real market.  That is the fun thing about it.  You never pay the marked price.

    No one ever does.

    Me in the middle with my cousin Bubik Istvan on the left, the other kid was in the same hotel.  He was from Germany  and came with us on almost all out swimming excisions

    We swam into a nude beech by accident  It was.....like going to heaven.

    Remember now we were 15. After a while it wasn't so interesting. And we moved onto other things.

     

    Below is a picture of my Aunt In New York.  She changed the fashion industry and became a very well

    known designer  when she was working for Mr. Givenchy.  I met him a few times when I was a photographer doing some layouts.

     

    Here Is Edith Gati and Her Late Husband John  and My idiot cousins William on the left and My other Cousin Paul (A well known Violin player)  I remember going to sold out concerts  at Carnegie Hall I remember went I went out with Ofra Harnoy  when I was a kid that the news spread to my cousins in New York somehow.  I wonder where Ofra is these days? John Gati  was  a movie producer that that pointed a promising  movie maker in the right direction.  Can you guess who that was?  It starts with an "S" and ends in a "g."

    Yes Spielberg.

    This was in Ontario somewhere my dad on the right

    Me at 19 and off to Europe again to stay with  a German family in Dusseldorf Heir Moller for the summer.  That was my mom on the right.

     

    these mountains are known as THE SLEEPING GIANT in Austria, I think

     

    I was also in Venice at 12 AND WENT LOOKING FOR PIZZA EVERYWHERE.

    They didn't have it. It was upsetting.  I didn't like it very much.  We only stayed for a few days.

    Found another paper holder my dad made

    on the right a Spanish sand stone carving which my mother was importing from Spain.

    She has quite a business supplying a few stores in Toronto.

     

     

    When I was 15 I studied Hungarian Culture and Language at the Sarospataki Nyari Colligium

    While there I learned Hungarian Folk dancing and before we went in to Perform among the other students we were joking around in the courtyard of a castle.  Two of the girls were friends of mine from Toronto and the other two were Americans.  I remember when we started classes most of the guys were in.  But they thought it was feminine to dance and all quit.  By the time of the performance I was the only guy left.  Believe when I say, I didn't complain when I practiced with 18 girls.  It was.....GREAT!!!! THESE WERE 4 OF THE 18. BELOW.

    I  DO NOT HAVE A PICTURE OF ME UNFORTUNATELY - i found  them!!!!

    I studied Hungarian  at the Saroshpataki Nagy collegium   (summer University) in Hungary and also studied Hungarian dance.  All the guys in the class dropped out because they thought dancing was "gay."  I was a lucky guy because I got to practice with  12 women and I am not gay. WOWweeeeeeee.  What a lucky guy I was. I was 16 here. 4 girls couldn't make it when the pictures were being taken

    I has a crush or the girl on the far right.

     

    I never cared what other thought.  I always did my own thing.  And ok there were always girls around and I loved it but  most were just my friends.  I can actually just be friends with women without getting involved.

    My first Camera  below

     

     

    Me at 17  when I started my fashion photography business

    this is a self Portrait with the first two real models I had to shoot.

    That's me on the right. (below)

    My mom had my collect stamps  and that was good  for a while but I stopped after a while but I have some pretty cool stamps now.

     

     

    I won many awards  for my pictures and  this was one of them.  The damn bird took off with my keys  and I tracked it to a tree, which I later climbed to find a nest filled with rings, money and all kind of treasured.  Thank got my keys were in there too.

     

    Being  Royalty if nothing will get you invited to the right parties

    But that is about it.  hahaheheheeh

     

    Apple wine in Germany.  Now this was an amazing place.  We stayed in the hotel  and it was in the mountains I think but who knows.  Who knew what a great feeling you could get from apple juice.

     

    What  I looked like in Wungan  ( I am not sure I spelled that right) and the women was the exchange student who stayed at my parents place while I was in Germany.  That is Her dog in my lap.

     

     

    This one was Wungan im Algoy Germany where I learned how to Ride  at the Spanish Riding School of Vienna training camp.   I had lots of great friends there including a farmers daughter who attacked me  almost in front of her parents.  The parents were pretty cool people.  That was a fantastic summer.

     

    Here I was about 20  and I just bought my first motorbike.  This bike was cool. But it shifted gears beside the gas tank.

    I was 24 here below

    I was shooting an album cover and usually fit  myself in

    on some of the shoots

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    I hear later My Cousin Monica got Married , that is me  on the right behind my cousin.  It took me 5 years to grow that mustache. HAHAHEHEH

     

    Below  On one of  my reading weeks when we went to the house in Florida.  Thank God for my parents houses all over the world.

    It was a in a really nice part of town and  it was really big. But most important of all it had orange and grapefruit trees.

    Not far from the house was a guy who had an armored personal carrier in his yard, a bunker in the basement and enough weapons to start a small war, just in case something ever happened.  This guy was ready  or anything. That is me in the tank. I was around 22

    Another year going down to the house  I ran into one of these guys.  You see I  did a little of this and a little of that for them  And I will tell you abut the biggest drug bust in Florida's History. My device caught  the bad guys and I was invited to the bust.  it was one of the coolest things I have ever seen  or have been on.  I was given a bullet proof vest, and I had to sign  a paper in case something happened to me.  I was the fourth  guy though the door after the knocked it down with a big battering ram.

     

    .

     

    Pics missing to add later when I have time.  My date with the D.A.  in Florida. 

     

    While at school i got a scholarship because I had the best hospitality and interior design thesis After Graduating  from Ryerson University in 1982,  i didn't go into design but was a resident manager of a hotel and lived on the top floor.  Just like in the movies.  i was 24 years told.   The hotel had lots of problems  with their food and beverage and bar and room sales and  front desk, and so one by one i went and fixed them all.  it was hard to ear the respect of the other people but one by one I did that too.  I doubles the profits of the restaurant among other  things but i hated my job because i was always there.

     

    I also won recognition for many of my marketing projects and group presentation which were never shy of amazing.

    When i was in the hospitality Industry, i designed restaurants and eventually started building them too. Mostly in Toronto and some in Hungary. menu design was very important. Your web store is your menu. i also had a background in Photography because it was always hobby of mine. So when I started to take pictures of food and put them on the menus, people responded better to that, then just text. also what they taught us was to describe in detail what the things are that they may not understand. 

    After Graduating from Ryerson Polytechnical University, I worked in the hospitality industry for a while.  My first Job out of school was a Resident Manager of a Hotel.  I found quickly that the Hotel management area was not for me and fell back on one of my hobbies called photography.  I also worked for Ideal food and restaurant equipment designing restaurants. Before I went out on my own.

     

     

    I used to do fashion photography and have been taking pictures for  over years.  I used to developed my own films and make my own prints too.  Here are some of the models and pictures I have taken of people

     

     

    This was a 14 your old girl, and after the make up artist and hair stylist was finished with her,

    this is what she looked like.  Her mother was astonished.

     

    Most of these were done in s Studio but many can be done one on location

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    I still do photography.  The one above was a very good model and taught at Eli nor Flushers'

    At one time, we where the Whose Who, in the photographic Business

    I still am a very good photographer

    I am going to give away all the negatives I have from the over 7,000 models we shot under the company name  of Fine Focus Inc.  Any models where where shot by Les, can make arrangements to come and pick them up.  There is no charge for them.   I have scanned in the ones I want to keep.

    Shooting with animals is a very difficult thing to do.

     

    These were not girlfriends.  They were models who hired us to  take pictures of them from the top agencies   in Toronto, New York and  even Germany  I bet you were thinking Paris.

     

    By the time I got here I was shooting with Contax camera with Zeiss Optics

    and Hasselblad too Bust my business partner was more into that stuff than me.

     

     

    I was 23 here

     

     

     

    Later  i went back to school to take electronics and  I had a 3.8 grade average

    I was on the deals list and the percipients list, whatever that means

    and i went to work for TD Bank

    A year or two  later I was Les the Handyman

    After my Cousin won  an Oscar, his life changed forever and so did mine.

    As I entered the world of entertainment and was in a few movies with him. I played small parts but they were entertaining parts some with lines.

     

    Also did lots of theatre photography

    click here

    for more pictures with me and my cousins in Hungary

    I jump to 30 until I can find pictures to fill it in.

     ! was 30 here (below) and I was very interested in this women. 

    I went to Cleveland, where she lived and bought a house  with her girl who later embezzled it out of me.

    Her name was Nikki Di something

    People told me that they could not believe she was like that but I quickly realized  it was not really her fault.  Most Americans are like that.  I almost married an American woman and found out  just how dishonest her whole family really was.  A story  which is in my book which I am writing.  I have has a few bad experiences with Americans, but not all Americans are bad.  I hope I find a nice honest one if that is in the cards.

     

    I remember it quite well.  I lived in the house as I was renovating it, in a tent to keep the dust out. 

     

    The industrial show.  A must see of the innovative machine Hungary was producing and I went with my dad who was a retired engineer.

     in a kitchen bathroom in galley air-conditioning monitors backup camera and the smoothest  ride in I never had on a bus.

    Of course going to Hungary is nothing you don't speak to the locals. 

     

    My dad ordered some fish that he didn't particularly like.

    \

    I thought this interlocking tiles very interesting as well.  They could be laid down over uneven ground for machines to drive over.  What a brilliant idea.

     A tra members all over Europe

    Below was a great Aunt  111 year old remembered what the Czar of Prussia had a crush on her and gave her all kind of gifts, as I pointed one out and said that is very cool what is it?  Sparked a 4.5 hour conversation  of her youth.

     

    On those days I was using a twin lens reflex Mamiya  Camera shown below.  This was a 2.25 inch film and all I shot was black and white.

    She was 110 When I interviewed  her as  I am the investigator in the family to find out stuff. She told when when the was 16 that The Czar of Prussia was after her and she shows me al kids of beautiful gold boxes and other things she was given.  it is kind of amazing that she was able to hide all of that During two wars.  And still have it to show.  She died a few years later.  I spent all day with her.  She was one interesting relative.  She told me when she was a girl none of the roads were paved and that the motor car was not actually invented in the states.  It was Invented in Hungary.  It was Ford that made cars for a mass-market.  And "you could have any colour you wanted as long as it was black."

    Mamiya C330

    Most of the time when where was information about the family, I want sent to check it out.

    Platl   was the original name and dates back to 1417 where some Cardinal was a member of the family court

    talking with a cop

    Hanging out with the girls.  At a party in Hungary,  WOW can they every dress nicely. They love to look good.

     

    They were friends of a famous cousin a I  had.

    These people know how to Party, so I party with them.  No sex, just dancing and hanging out

    Same party at 6:01 AM

    A friend

    Getting back to the hotel at 8:36 AM

    After 2 days of  partying  and playing in a movie.

    here sitting with my late cousin Istvan

     

    Bubik Istvan was an Oscar Winner

    He won or best actor in a foreign film

    this is him below. He was my best friend all his life.

     

    \

    A Parade in Tihany on Lake Balaton

    I took these for their tourist board

     

     

    a typical peasant house chimney not taken the same day as the picture above.  Actually it is another village  This is a copy of a 800 year old mud house you can almost heat with a candle.

     me taking the picture in a mass in a 1000 year old church that is me on the lower right corner.

    the current priest of that church

     

    A party at my house with my friends

    when I first started www.Lesthehandyman.com

    in 1987 - 88

    People  said that my mustache made me look older.  Thank GOD.

    I was 38 at the time

    I got rid of it when I was in club med and wanted to go snorkeling and couldn't because the water kept coming in my mask when diving so I shaved it off.

     

    In 1998 or there about's I used to rid with a group of people in an anal cycling group.  Many were jealous of me because I had a successful business and I had a sense of humor  I think.  People started to want to hang around me and they liked that even less.  I was there just to ride. 

    I cycled for about 2 years with them until I could do it no more.  Now I cycle by myself, but I have a good sound system on my new bike and it keeps me occupied.  I'm in green in the back 4th from the left.

    When I was riding with theses guys and gals, this is what I was riding

    Now you can see the same  shock absorbing system on my recumbent which I had build for me a few years later.

     

    In 1999 after enough politics with that cycling club I designed a bike which would be so much fun to ride, that I would actually do it.  And come next year I will be doing lots of it

    That is what happens when an over achiever combined with an ambitious and driven business man.

    I wanted something no one has, and still  6 years later  they are just getting around to copying some of the things on it.  It is OK.  it does not bather me in the slightest.  This year 2007 - 8 I will motorized  trailer with a solar assisted power pack which I Designed and it will help me get up big hills.

     

     

    Ride for heart I did every single year since it started.  Here I was invited by a friend on left and his wife to ride with them.

    I rode  the bike I designed  for about 6 years See it below If you don't watch so much TV, you to can do many things with your life.

    2001 Austria

     

    Spanish Riding School of Vienna

    where Ilearned how to horseback ride. I heard Felix retired many years ago.  He would remember me!!!

    Mozart's house

    I went to the opening of this Art gallery

    This is what the Art Gallery looks like from the outside  and 

    What it looked like from a distance

    Candy store in Vienna  MMMMMMMMM  Yummies

    the gummies taste out of this world there.

    On may way to Prague by car, saw these doors in a small village.  below

     

    I was 42

     

    at 49 this is what I looked like.

    2001 Prague

    I found a church with our family crest carved into one of the pillars

    In  those days it  was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

    Czechoslovakia

    in 2014 I met a nice woman who wans a descendant of the Frankopans, Zirinski's and Subic Royal families. She told me that we are good enough friends to add them to my web site so here are some very cool crests. Her family owned part of Europe, put kinds in Power and owned most of the castles around their domain. Just search their names on Wikipedia. It is good reading, Her family can be traced back to the Romans. Now that's Impressive.

     

     

    A picture from the top of some fort

     

    Taking a tour.

    Where my hotel  was

    Inside the church at the castle

     

    The castle entrance in Veszprem near Lake Balaton in Hungary

     

    inside the walls of that castle

     

    A classroom at a University inside the building below

    A university in the same town as the castle

    inside the courtyard of the university

     

    The theatre in Budapest.  My late cousin  in the middle

    Back stage with a very famous Russian Producer

     

     

    Another cousin centre stage is a Ballet Dancer

    Here in a special show celebrating Hungarian Costume and dance

    Radishes at the market

     

    beautiful hand painted eggs

     

    old amour.  Can you imagine wearing that stuff on a hot day.  I put some stuff on one day to see what it must have felt like and then I had to go to the washroom hahaheheheehehe

     

     

    One of the metal badges put on walking stick of Germans and Hungarian  to show where they have been.  More more you have  the more places you have been.

    this is the came of a old Hungarian Man 102 years old

    I met him in 2004 in the Kings Castle

    This guy had about 30 on  his cane and he wanted to tell me about every single place he went.

    I love old people because they have so much to say  but many people don't really want to listen.  it is a shame.

     

    A stork in a next .  A very rare site these days as pollution  have just about wiped them out.

    They say it is very good luck when you find one.

    You found one to.  perhaps you found me.  Perhaps each other who knows.

     

     

     

    fun

    What's that???

    i-almost-had-fun.com

     

    I have some pretty amazing experiences to share  and eventually tell me some of yours. 

    What it is like when you do not have a party to go to.

    Halloween 20

    I wanted to win first prize

     

    I won 1str prize, 2nd prize 3rth 4th and 5th even though there was no 4th and 5th

    I have to find a picture with the completed costume, I put together.

    The Parrot sewed to my shoulder, the eye patch and the swords. and fake crooked teeth.

     

    I would smile at women , and you should just see their faces.  It was priceless. It was better than Master Card  I also got an empty bottle of Captain Morgan's rum, with colored water in it and pretended I was drunk.  I wish I had video taped it.  When I went into the Royal York Hotel, the tourists thought, I was hired by the hotel.  I have not had so much fun for years. I was 37 here

     

     

     

     

     

     

    That was the best Halloween I ever had.

     IF YOU LOOK CLOSELY, YOU CAN SEE THE PARROT ON MY RIGHT SHOULDER.

     

     

    This was a very boring place.  Quite and after 3 days of it, I wanted to leave.  I told them they could keep 1/2 my money, just get me out of there.  I traveled alone  so it is important for me to have some fun. 

    Some people who there called  us the "Les group."  Many people who wanted to hang out with me because it was more fun. I will never go to club Med again. What an rip off. So I went out on my own excursions And did my own things.  I rented jeeps and busses and hired guides and started to have am amazing time, until I came back only to eat. 

    Diving for konk

     

    Don't ever go to club med.  It is a rip off.

     

     

     

    Don' follow us! Were lost too!

     

    I built one very big sand castle.  i wish I had an after picture.

    I love to sale and can sail these easily.  i like a good 44 ft star  which I can sale by myself under full sail.  I used to race them  many years ago/

    The accommodation and food was great but the company was not. I could hardly wait to get the hell out of there.   it was like a prison for political.

    i was so board, I just went around the whole time and tool pictures of everything. Then people started to complain, according to club med, that i was taking pictures of everything.  I am a tourist  you morons!!!

    Many times, I felt like i was the only one there.  the excitement they

    promised me was...well... 

    I will never go to Club Med ever again.

     

    Halloween 2001 Dressing the house

    See the witch on the left.  it says on the Sign

    IF YOU DRINK, DON'T FLY!" 

    --------------------------------------------

    New York Bike A thon 2001

     

     

     

     

     

    Washington DC  2002

    Bike-a-hon and Langley Virginia

    Me in the Washington Post

    I was in the same newspaper as the director of the C.I.A.  and the president of the United States Cool Eh.  The Secret Service guys even let me ride my bicycle beside the while house.  Cooooool

    I was just not allowed to take pictures  but that is OK

    that is me  front and centre Riding the bike I designed below

    here is a better picture of it below.

     

     

    I did not design and built this one.  it was already nearly perfect.  i just added a few things

    like the carrier in the back and the radio in the front and  the bike alarm.

    When I was hired by  a translating company to help the police.

    Translating English to Hungarian  and Hungarian to English

     

     

     

     

     

    ==============================

    Europe 2001 When I was in a movie with my cousin  called Istalo

     

    You have to understand the scope of how famous my cousin really was, in Hungary..  he was as famous then that Schwarzenegger is to us.   He even has an Oscar, for best foreign film.   So he is no small fry.  The thing is that he was my best friend.  And he died in 2005.  OB had lots of fun before  then,  like in this film.

    Below, one of the actors, "Dorka" was helping me with my lines.

    Dorka Gryllus  AND Bubik Laci

    Below with continuity expert.  It was this person's responsibility to make sure that this flowed from one scene to the next.

    I had no idea what the complexities of making a film were when they decided to put me in it.  Because they gave me lines, they had to fly in writer to add them.  It turns out I played an excellent German tourist.  And when they brought in a busload of extras I was the only one headlines.  The funny thing was that it was during dessert and I was sitting there in hall.  You see the movie and the girl dork up with the server in the movie. 

     in the script, this was during a desert time in the movie,  I looked down at on my plate was the most amazing looking desserts I've seen in years, so I decided to eat it and in the middle of the taken, director says  cut.  And asks "what are you doing Leslie?"   and I say am eating the cake.  The director says: "you're not supposed that."  And so he had to shoot it again that new piece of cake.  But on the second taken was perfect.

     

    It was a lot of fun.

      Here, there are putting on makeup before might scene.

     

    This was one of the cameras that use are ruled by a series of tracks.  Two or three guys pushing this card while the cameraman was swinging it around same time .it was pretty cool.  But it is not the first the outset

    after a hard day of shooting, these guys would go out and have a game of soccer.  Of course they would celebrate by drinking lots of beer and then they would go out drinking afterwards.

     

    all of these three guys above are actors feed on the left at be in the middle I don't know who the guy on the right is.  this film was Shot near  the "Horobag  planes" in Hungary. 

    they would drive the actors back and forth every time they were needed.  It was a long trip.  Depending on where an actor lived,  could have been a several hour drive. 

    because there were so many famous actors play in this movie, they have to be guarded by the military and sometimes by police escort.   and they took us to the original site.  A lot of fun.  I've never seen so many military and cops in one place before. 

     

    Because the setting was in a riding stable, we have an unlimited use of the horses and ride every day.   show off my skills which I learned that the Spanish riding school of Vienna.   The sources were pretty smart to be understood me.

    This is not me in this picture, but a horseman.  They could make the worst lie down on command, while snapping a whip.  No horses were ever hurt.  

    The producer of the movie  is on the left.

    The producer  of many Films in Hungary.   He thinks I am a hoot.  I was in two of his films with my cousin

    and this guy on the right, is another famous producer From France.

     

    when they picked me up in Budapest they also picked up Dorka  who almost slept the whole way, as she was also working in the city.  All these actors work very very hard.  Doing this made me realize I don't ever want to become an actor.  Though I'm not afraid of hard work, it is well beyond that.

    What dorks looks like when she was sleeping.  Dorka is one of the most

    famous actors in Europe and is also a friend of mine

     

    Europe 2002

     

    ===============================

    Montreal 2003

    Out for a ride  - I usually do not rent these things  but it is better than a cab in a place where I

     really can get lost easily

     

    When I rented it for a few hours, I had no idea how big it really was.

    it was kind of a waste of money  but once in a while you have to do it.

     

    KINGSTON 2003

    WHERE I PARKED MY BIKE

    OUT FOR A BEER

    champagne and seafood.  I am in my element here.

    it was in this restaurant and it was excellent.

     

    Then i went ot a real working village of  pioneers  and thought i would do some carpentry work in a real shop

     

    The Canadian fort which was never used to depend against an attack from the Americans

    All the stuff works.  it is impressive

    How is it they could build this stuff  but we have nothing that works today

    Hmmmmmm

     

     

     

    When I was in the Dominican republic to look at construction projects, I decided to go into the  jungle and  do my own tour and here are some of the interesting people I bumped into. Remember that I cannot speak  Spanish.

    Nov. 2003

    A lumber yard and hardware store have everything you need to build a house even though most are made with concrete.

    Guarding bricks so they don't "disappear."

     

    A Dominican Republic Hardware Store

    Screws by the Kilo

     

    The local pharmacist and her assistants

    I visited many construction project because i want to see  how things are being built all over the world.  Here the foundation is built like the Canadians do theirs. No big deal. They don't have a winter they have to deal with, but  I would use concrete not block.

     

    On the mountains by the Haiti border

     

    Some nuns and a priest

     

    Great ad

    Took a tour and got to the boat before the rest of the tourists

     

    The side of a hut people were living in

     

     

    I am a good photographer,,

    I have been doing it for  35 years

     

    A fort near the ocean

    It is better without all the tourists

     

    Just a person in a village. I have no idea where I was.  That was all the fun in it.  Almost everyone I know need to know where they are going.  I just need to go.  That is the difference between me and everybody else.  The only way you will have adventure is when you enter the unknown.  I like that.

    Can you find the turtles.  What you you do if two of them swam up to you?  The two of them were bigger  than a VW.  I think they thought I was  lunch.

    14 And beautiful.  I met her and her family up in the mountains.  They thought I was lost.

    Jungle patrol on boarder near Haiti

    Walking in the jungle and came  to a watering hole with really cool looking rocks in the distance.  Then  I get a little closer.  See what is at the top of the picture. 

    No!!  I did not wrestle the alligator!!!

     

     

    But I did see some cool things in the trees.  if you stay really still for a long time, then the animals come out.

     

    One Ass is just like another

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    .

    Hey?  What did you think I was talking about?

     

     

     

     

     

    Hanging out with the guys  and then on my way.

    At first they didn't want their pictures taken but eventually it was no problem. 

    Surprisingly  the construction methods are very similar to Europe

     

     

    The sergeant, the Police captain and me.  I just wanted to  see what the police station looked like inside.

     

     

     

     

    Nice looking iron works and how they open and close.  But it should be on a hill, when when it closes gravity takes car of it, and when it opens a machine is used.  This would reduce the energy consumption my 1/2

    Toronandy

    A lucky shot.  It was sitting in a fence and it took me an hour and 1/2 to sneak up too it.  While I was crawling through the grass, some snake crossed paths with me.  I almost had a heart attack.  I did not recognize the type of snake.  I just remained frozen until the snake decided to make his own way away.

     

    I took all the pictures  myself.  A work of caution, don't go by yourself.  I am the entertainment when I go away.  I just wish someone would entertain me for a change.

    interesting wall with no mortar used

     

     

     

     

    Balconies in Busdapest

    Being silly with some of my cousins.  One was very famous so sometimes when we went out we would conceal our faces so he would not get swarmed

     

    A very common hand carved gate. In Hungary, which only comes from one region.  I want to learn how to make these.  They even have bird houses built into them  at the top because birds eat insects.  Cool EH?

     

     

    This is a picture of a very old church  near my fathers country home  at Lake Balaton

     

    Back to Budapest below

    Tow away zone.  Logo like the tow truck I designed

    Don't forget to go around the posts.  HAHAHEEHEE

    I can't believe they had to put lines around the polls.

     

     

    Very creative store.(above)  Don't take pictures in their malls. (BUDAPEST) they will run up to  you and ask you if you have permission  to take pictures.   I swear!  I had to sneak this one in.  If you go to some museums they charge extra if you wan to take pictures and even more if you want to take video.  (DON'T ASK ME WHY - I THINK THEY THEY THINK THAT VIDEO CAPTURES MORE THAN A PICTURE SO IT SHOULD BE WORTH MORE)  But my camera just looks like a camera, so I video taped everything so I could get my moneys worth.

     

    A special Hungarian Design which require no eves.  The water just runs off the roof.  Cool Eh?

    Why can't we design such houses?

     

    The entrance to a castle in Vesprime  close to Lake Balaton. 

    Inside the gates of the castle entrance (above)

    A Hungarian decorative plate.  Hand Painted.  I have a collection of these which my mother left me when she died.

     

    Couple of my cousins the one of the left died in a car crash a few years  in 2004

    Another picture of Istvan  who died  a few years later in a car crash.  See his car after the crash. (below)

    Me at the airport

     

    I took this picture in Veszprem 2003

     

     

    looking at a very new construction site in Budapest I was 47 at the time

    Hungarian Folk Dancing commemorating my cousins death, It is one of my other cousins groups

     

    Figuring out what picture to put on all the vans and trucks

     

    Selecting the right picture for the backs and then deciding not to do it.  Could not trust  them to do the work and the son, was not ambitious enough.  Too bad.  It could have been a gold mine  but I can't do something like that my myself.

    A really good friend of mine.  Just a friend who eventually  married one of my cousins

    Hungarians think the more space they have the more

    writing they can put on the side of their trucks. (I should be the one to talk)

    Too complicated and not creative.  Mine are different.

    One telephone number is all you need. Can you imagine trying to write one of these phone numbers down?

    Out with my friends. 

    it is the only place in the world where you can have a women friend . 

    Here, in Canada,  you can't do that;  It seems.

     

     

    This car is make out of paper called a "Trabont" and is front wheel drive.  There used to be lots of things during the cold war

    Now they are harder and harder to find.  I love this car.  Here is a  cool one.

     

    A view  at Lake Balaton

    My dad picking wild  flowers for my mom.  They were her favorite

     

    Another View of Lake Balaton from  another side.

    Where my dad went to University in Austria for Engineering

     

    My dad and my  mom in the Toronto House in the 70's and 80's

    My dad made all the furniture.

    Even the paper holder below

    My mom in Paris when I was around 5

    She modeled for Vogue  While  her sister was a designer for Givenchy in New York City. Cool EH?

    Me at 28  or 29???

    My friends Wine cellar in Paty outside Budapest in Hungary (below)

    Now when I go to Hungary. I visit him

    a painting of a typical landscape in Hungary

    I go to Hungary all the time because my dad lives their  now.  So I have a few places to stay and a whole whack of cousins.  Some 850 who I will never meet unless I will the lottery. Who can tell the future?

    Avery common European gate which most people would never get here because it is too expensive but the European pay much more for it then we would and they still do it, because if it is built well, it will last forever and then it is worth it.  You can see on the top of the gate that there is a roof and it is even shingled.  This protects the gate, and it lasts much much longer. This fence  and gate will not have to be  touched for 5 - 10 years.  Not even the stain.

    My friend Timmie. 

     

    A market in the Ukraine below

     

    Some women in the market, as curious about me as I was about them.

    Buying 15 different types of honey.  Mmmmmmmmm good.

     

    People eat this stuff every day and wash it down with vodka  YUK

    This is called Shadhlink. It is the best thing I have ever tasted. And it is Only available  in the Ukraine, I think. No chemicals, no preservatives or hormones or anybodies in this meat.

    Entertaining the locals.  The women in the middle works for my dad full time.  She runs his house hold.

     

    If you go to Europe  then the Gypsies will find you and beg for money (below)

     

    2006 they were still making shoes the old way.

     

    A Hungarian cop and me.  Hey they work hard and they have a terrible and dangerous jobs.

    But they are well equipped  now.  And I think they can do their jobs better.

    Another one.  I like to meet them in every country.  Even when I was doing extra goodies behind the iron curtain.  Those where very different times. And I am writing a book about that.

    in 2004,  a cousin very close to me, got into a fatal car crash. (below)

    My cousins car.  Bubik Istvan  after the accident in 2005

     

    A peasant selling flowers in the street near the Kings Castle called the "Var."

    A better translation  is fortress.

    Typical street  up in the Kings castle in Buda .  People lives in those houses that are almost a 1000 years old.  Why can't we build things that last?

     

     

    A beautiful Hungarian women, I was talking with in a store. 

    Instructions on how to use the parking meter.  You should see the one  for the pay phone. 

    What retard figured this out?

     

    A another good friend  of mine in Hungary. Eppy here above when he was addressing his feeling towards my dead cousin. 

     

    Stamps my mom make me collect when I was a kid.

    First stamps of Hungary

    mint

    A couple of houses I helped my father build just outside Budapest.  Cool eh? The white thing is make out of stone, concrete mortar  and ceramic.  The only wood  in them are the trusses holding up the 1 ton roofs and   they are all 6x6's  and 8x8's and 10 x 10's   Cool Eh????  This house in the front was a peasant house converted into a garage and an apartment.  My father wanted to mow it all down and just put on house on it. Thank God he listened to me.  There is  a smaller house to the left , where the "Sheppard", who tended to the animals in the old days, lived.  We are going to make that into a shop.  Under it is a wine cellar  almost the size of the white house.  Cool Eh?  There is no wine in it.  But if I have anything to do about it, I will at least get some old barrels and put them in there to have a feel of a wine cellar at least.

     

    I have some really cool stamps in my stamp collection

     

    This is not my car.  But how can a guy afford  car like this  unless he works for the YOU KNOW WHO.

    SEPT. 2006

    HABITAT FOR HUMANITY

     

     

    Amazing church near the castle

    June 28 2010  I decided to find myself a women.  First  I went light with just one single site and by the time Jan rolled around

    I was in Lava life, Date.com, Eharmony,Zoosk, and Plenty-o-fish  .  All a waste of time  so I created this to help me find one but  I am not holding my breath here either

    ======================

    I took this picture  I Wuv wabbits

    back

      

     

    Working on my book

    other sites to sort

    Dominican 2008

    and my new life is hanging out at the gym

    With the exception of  one year in Frankfurt Germany and Versailles France for one year as well in the states.

     

    3

    Hanging out with my best friends wife (will take a minute to load)

    =============================

       

    Please send me some pictures of yourself not hiding behind things

    three  pictures  not more than 1 year old.

     

     

    Sept. 29-30 2007

    My photography in Toronto

     

     

    going somewhere?

    Tell me what you think of my pictures

     I became too  famous in Toronmto and things were getting out of hand

    It was too much fame and my Les the Handyman  song was...well too good

    I needed to escape.  But how does one escape their own life.  Can anyone do it >  Well I tried and moved to a

    palce where no one knows who I am

     in 2012 I has enough  of Toronto

    this was the first thing I bought.  Click on it to see what I did with it.

    HungarianMotorhome

    I love it here in Europe

     Now I have opened a new

    chapter in my life

    this is what I am working on to improve the

    way services are done in the home

     

     

     

     

             

    I have started my own version of  Les the Handyman

    But without the fame or so \i am trying

     

     

     

         

    I am still inventing things and at least it is better now because

    I built my own shop in which to create my masterpeices

     

    hook lift

     

     

    And Now I am closer than ever to my families heritage and every chance

    I get I do a little travel to find out more about my ancesstors

     

    and i did it asll in two years.  that has got be be some kind of a record.

     

     

    Czech Republic

     

    Their money

     

    Yes A Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant in Bruno and the food is better there

    What do you suppose they sell there?

    this is just a regular cafe.  WOW have we got a long way to go.

    A typical street in Bruno in  the Czech Republic

    I told this women I would put her on the internet.  She did not believe me.  But when I say I am going to do something  I do it.  I have always been that way.  I do not make thing up.  If you don't have your honor or your word, what have you got?

     

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    Good things for sale in the market in the Ukraine

    everything is of the highest quality.  Even the cookies.

    Not at all like the junk they sell us here.

    Here is a store that understands Capitalism.  They have a web store on the top floor, a computer store there too, a digital photo studio, and passport office and  a store for women's beauty supplies.   They are doing very well.  

    Passport pictures within the hour.

     

     

     

    Timmie, make sure you get a discount in the things you do there.

     

    Computer store

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    This was in a Town called Ungvar I think.

     

    When I first saw this thing I just about had a heart attack.  It is a cold war Russian tank.  I think it was just left there and now  it is just a memory of the past.  It was the Russians  that invented slanted armor. Just a little bit of History for you.

    I cannot remember the city I saw this in but I almost tuned off the road.  There was a time  when I was closer to tanks bigger than this during the cold war, when I have been photographing them and other military equipment in my previous life.  I don't miss it.  Nor do I want  to go back and do it again, but I could help an organization with their intelligence.  Something we can all use a little more of.

     

    A flourishing business in the Ukraine

    a photo store, as passport place, a web place and a computer store and more.

     

    My guide and best friend  in Europe

    I have no doubt she will be more famous than me.

     

    This will be our house after I will the lottery.

    Getting treasure

    This well  was so deep (360 Meters before they hit water - like a gerbil, a guy would walk inside the wheel (to the left) and that wheel turned  a shaft with rope on it (there is no rope today)  which pulled up the big pail full of water.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The famous Notre Dame church which I have seen many times before.

    I think this is Napoleons tomb  but I was not listening much to the tour guide because he could barely speak English.

    There were so many people everywhere  you could hardly move.

      It was just easier to  stay on the tour bus.

     

    I was alone in Paris  because my dad wanted to see it 

    and cancelled  at the last moment.  Nice Guy. EH?

     

    Lore Valley France 2007

     

     

    i DIDN'T SEE EVERY SINGLE ONE BUT  I SAW AT LEAST  25 OF THEM.

     

    One hell of a house

     

     

     

    I met the Count who owed this one.  This is a picture of his riding stables.

     

    I met the Count.  he was a cool guy.  i have his card somewhere.

    He looks almost like one of his ancestors.  It is uncanny.

     

     

    A horse that really wanted to reach out and touch  me.  He or she

    wanted just to hang out.  All I did was talk to it and  people just

    didn't get it.

    W

     

     

    A 102 Year old lady at the train


    This was the same train station who said that they acknowledge that I have a return ticket but I have to buy another ticket so I can get a seat! WOW how they love to rip off the people.  Be careful when Buying a train ticket.  You will need 2  one for the trip and one for the seat.  It is not expensive but  why in Gods name can't they sell one ticket?

     

     

     

    Yes a Burger King in Budapest

    A better picture of the old lady.  This is not my mother.  I just thought she had interesting features and asked if I could take her picture.

     

     

     

    Some of the sites. Did you know that the Russian were the first to develop "sloping" armor on their tanks?   It is still in the design even today. With the most modern tanks. 

    The Leopard Tanks is the best in the world today  made by the Germans.

    Things you find in the garden  of a an ex- general in the Russian Army

     

       

    The Study of European log cabins

    and building techniques.

    The Ukraine 2007

    A carved support column

     

    How corners are locked together

    Built right onto the ground however the permafrost is not as deep as it is in Canada

     

     

    One type of window but I will use plastic because it will transfer the cold less

    This log cabin design is ever 500 years old.

     

    how the roofing worked.  a single like this (3 ft long)  would ensure that the roof would not leek for at least 80 years.

    This still use this type of construction even today to hold up those tile roofs

    I say this newly contracted for an addition to a hotel.  The whole base is make out of  concrete.

    going back to another type of construction in the Ukraine which was a good 600 years old

     

    A fenced in porch

     

     

     

     

    This is one heavy duty window frame

     

     

    A church in Ungvar in  UKraine 

    Even I thought God was there.

    Ceilings

    This was built before there ever was a CANADA or North America

    A typical gate in town

    The church from the outside.  Just think. They built all this by hand. 400 years ago.

     

     

    discovering Toronto 2007

     

    Hand made chocolates at Kensington Market hmmm they arte better than sex

     

     

    My friend Tom who owns tom's place in Toronto

    the fish market

    fruit market

    Music store

    Even a great Pizza Place/  Doesn't that make you Hungry?

     

    I need to find a good stand for my chop saw   but could not find anything really good so I combined 2 different things and now have the best one in the world.

     

    picture to follow

    II am just going to keep this to myself

     

    The legs of this table are very hard to open and close.  Who designed such an amazing  top and such a crummy bottom.  it is like having a Mercedes top and  no wheels.

     

     

     

     

    Flowers out of my dads garden in his summer home outside Budapest

    taken 2007 and here are some more.  It is customary to bring flowers of your mom, or visiting, or your aunt or a women friend.  I brought flowers for a women here in Toronto and she said  that  I shouldn't have.  I mean she was angry and said to me it was inappropriate.  I think women should go back to school here and  learn how to receive a gift. 

     

    Last week  when I was out on a exploratory meeting with a women,  Oct. 6th.

    I was told by her how to tip the waiter because I didn't do it properly according to her.

    I have a long list of things.  But I also said to her I was going to bring you flowers and  I got this look from her thinking to myself, I should never mention the flower thing again to anyone.

    5 years ago I got flowers from a women.  I thought it was a very nice gesture.

    Fun 2010

    What I look like today.

     Well I have lots some more weight.

    I am on a mission to loose even more.